The area covers 4 municipal corporations along with 37 municipalities. Literacy rate in Kolkata is 87.14%, which is far better than national average of 74%. On a dry day, liquor shops remain closed. If Bangalore is the Seattle of India, then Kolkata is the sub-contintent's London. Located on the eastern bank of the Hooghly River, the city is approximately 80 kilometres (50 mi) west of the border with Bangladesh. Take a look of the list here and make your plans accordingly. Suburbs of Kolkata include Haora (Howrah) on the west bank, Baranagar to the north, South Dum Dum to the northeast, Behala to the south, and Garden Reach in the southwest. Kolkata is better known as the “city of joy”, but do you know it has other names such as “city of palaces”, and the “cultural capital of India”? The places surrounding Kolkata are so versatile that you will be surprised that you did not know many of their names. First of All Open Given Link using Google Pay App. 1. Kolkata is also nick […] Along with the main port of communication for North east India ,it is the primary business, commercial and financial hub of Eastern India. The city is also known for the biggest celebration of the festival Durga Puja. Kolkata is the capital of West Bengal state so there are many government buildings and Kolkata is also one business center of this part of India. During Durga Puja, the city becomes a city of a huge crowd who join for celebrating Durga Puja. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Kolkata, also known as “The City of Joy” is the capital of the state of West Bengal in India. Kolkata is also home to one of the oldest squash and rackets clubs in the world - the Calcutta Racket Club, founded in 1793. The location of the city appears to have been originally selected partly because of its easily defensible position and partly because of its favourable trading location. If you wish to break free from the clutches of the monotony of the everyday hustle and bustle of your daily life, the city has numerous options when it comes to exploration. The city doesn’t lack in education, health facilities, housing, transportation, and other important facilities. Kolkata, Bengali Kalikata, formerly Calcutta, city, capital of West Bengal state, and former capital (1772–1911) of British India. (2011) 4,486,679; urban agglom., 14,112,536. The atmospheric pollution has greatly increased since the early 1950s. Last year it has been estimated that Kolkata had a population of around 4.6 million, which makes it the 7th most populous city in India. The club is also known for its exploits in cricket, hockey, tennis, and athletics. Kolkata In Movies . At present has the headquarters of three large nationalized banks Allahabad Bank, Uco Bank, and United Bank of India. The city was renamed, Kolkata in 2001. It is the headquarters of the district, and also the headquarters of the Howrah Sadar subdivision of the district. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The winter months, from about the end of November to the end of February, are pleasant and rainless; fogs and mists occasionally reduce visibility in the early morning hours at this season, as also do thick blankets of smog in the evenings. Elina is a passionate blogger. Kolkata old name was Calcutta. You may like to read this post to know about some of the best places to live in Kolkata. Kolkata was the capital of the British Indian empire until 1911 when the capital was relocated to Delhi. It is a city made by the British Empire; it was the capital of British India from 1773 to 1911. It is one of India’s largest cities and one of its major ports. The city is home to the oldest and the widest banyan tree in the world.Known as The Great Banyan Tree, you can catch a glimpse of this at Kolkata’s … Maybe this is the reason it is called as the city of joy. The city is also a major hub for the information technology industry in India. 4. Situated on the eastern banks of river Hooghly, Kolkata is East India's most important commercial, cultural, and educational centre with a rich history that dates back several centuries. It is also known as “the city of furious, creative energy”. It is famous for its Rajbaris. Kolkata grew rapidly in the 19th century to become the second city of the British Indian Empire. Similar topography on the west bank of the river has confined the metropolitan area largely to a strip 3 to 5 miles (5 to 8 km) wide on either bank of the river. This city is also known as city of joy. … Kolkata is known as the city of joy because of many reasons, including these and some of the other such reasons can be explained as follows:-Why Kolkata Is Called The City … Kolkata is known for its largest book market across India, i.e. This city is famous for its grand colonial architecture, art galleries, food, music and cultural festivals. Some key attractions include Eden Garden, Bellur Math Temple, Aurobindo Ashram, Birla Planetarium, Marble Place and the Howrah Bridge. It is an 'in your face' city that shocks and charms the unsuspecting visitor. Some key attractions include Eden Garden, Bellur Math Temple, Aurobindo Ashram, Birla Planetarium, Marble Place and the Howrah Bridge. Satellite view is showing Kolkata (formerly known as Calcutta), capital of India's West Bengal state, a major river port and the third most populous city in India (after Delhi and Mumbai). Kolkata is known as the City of Palaces because of the number of buildings built by the British Raj during the 19th century. The Royal Calcutta Golf Club is the first golf club ever outside the United Kingdom. Hotels in Kolkata Kolkata, also known as the City of Joy, is India's third largest metropolitan city. The Salt lake City (Bidhan Nagar) area to the northeast of the city is a planned section of Kolkata. Eden gardens Kolkata is the third largest stadium as per seating arrangement. Kolkata has a distinctive culture as compared to some of the other cities in India. Several other large financial companies and insurance companies are also headquartered in Kolkata. Kolkata has a nickname, the "City of Palaces". Kolkata is also known for having India’s first underground rail metro service. So, moving to Kolkata and staying there wouldn’t be a bad choice. Ballygunge – One of Posh Areas in Kolkata. It is also the second … However, this old city, once the capital of British India, is home to many historical and old buildings and it is rumored that some of them are haunted. The city was a colonial city developed by the British East India Company and then by the British Empire. Now also known as Tagore museum, it is dedicated to the life and works of the Nobel Laureate and the Bengal Renaissance. Kolkata has a subtropical climate with a seasonal regime of monsoons (rain-bearing winds). Kolkata is a huge city with several district articles containing sightseeing, restaurant, nightlife and accommodation listings — have a look at each of them.. Kolkata (Bengali:কলকাতা) [] (formerly Calcutta) is the capital of West Bengal and the second largest city in India (after Mumbai).If Bangalore is the Seattle of India, then Kolkata is the sub-contintent's London. States . Reclamation of the Salt Lake area on the northeastern fringe of the city, however, demonstrated that the spatial expansion of the city is feasible, and further reclamation projects have been undertaken to the east, south, and west of the central area. Apart from these English is also commonly understood and spoken by all educated people in this township. Kolkata is also the biggest city of the state and a major commercial and education hub. Kolkata is known as the City of Joy and its vintage charm will make anyone fall in love with it. It is also known as the cultural capital of India. During the British colonial era from 1700-1912, when Kolkata was the capital of British India, Kolkata witnessed a spate of frenzied construction activity of buildings largely influenced by the conscious intermingling of Gothic, Baroque, Roman, Oriental and Islamic schools of design. It is warm year-round, with average high temperatures ranging from about 80 °F (27 °C) in December and January to nearly 100 °F (38 °C) in April and May. Kolkata (also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. The city of Kolkata is the capital of the state of West Bengal. These months are very humid and sometimes sultry. About Kolkata The capital of West Bengal, Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta, is one of the important metropolitan cities in India. Kolkata, which is also fondly known as the 'City of Joy', is the treasure trove of rich culture and heritage. Introduction KolkataKolkata,, formerly known asformerly known as CalcuttaCalcutta, is the capital of the, is the capital of the IndianIndian state ofstate of West BengalWest Bengal.. Kolkata is also the biggest city of the state and a major commercial and education hub. Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta turned 330-years-old this week. Test your knowledge of big cities and their features. Hotels in Kolkata Kolkata, also known as the City of Joy, is India's third largest metropolitan city. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Kolkata Metropolitan Area, also known as Greater Kolkata, is the urban agglomeration of the city of Kolkata in the Indian state of West Bengal.It is the third most populous metropolitan area in India after Delhi and Mumbai.The area is administered by the Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA). Ancient Origins Though archaeologists believe that Kolkata has been inhabited for over two thousand years, its documented history begins only after the arrival of the British East India Company, in 1690. This Kolkata Event Will Live From 25th To 26th December 2020. In short, Kolkata remains an enigma to many Indians as well as to foreigners. Since the Kolkata metropolitan area incorporates parts of districts like North 24 Parganas, South 24 Parganas, Howrah, Hooghly, and Nadia, there are two more municipal corporations as well other than KMC. Hence, to avoid any last-minute disappointments in the upcoming year, here is a list of dry days in Kolkata. Kolkata, also known as City of Joy, is the capital of West Bengal. Of course, the nouveau riche wouldn’t believe this, but Kolkata … List of dry days in Kolkata 2021. But the British called it Calcutta. The city of Kolkata is the capital of the state of West Bengal. Kolkata is better known as the “city of joy”, but do you know it has other names such as “city of palaces”, and the “cultural capital of India”? Kolkata-the city of joy 1. Most of this falls from June to September, the period of the monsoon. It is famous for its Rajbaris. A city of commerce, transport, and manufacture, Kolkata is the dominant urban centre of eastern India. URBAN STRUCTURE East Kolkata is largely composed of newly developed areas and neighbourhoods of Saltlake, Rajarhat, Tangra, Beliaghata, Ul tadanga, Phoolbagan etc. Overall education system in Kolkata is at par when compared with the other metro cities. Howrah Station is said to be the busiest station in India for its capacity, and capability of handling plenty numbers of unique trains on a daily basis. The name change is also a nod to the origins of the city: Kolkata is said to resemble Kôlikata, the name of one of the three villages that originally existed on the site. The metropolitan city of Kolkata is not just well-known for its roshogollas, mishit dohi, trams, Howrah Bridge and Victoria memorial, but also for its inexpensive nature. Kolkata, which is often called the city of joy is one great destination which is rich in many monuments which reflects the beauty of the glorious past. 77.68% of the total populations in Kolkata are of Hindus, followed by Muslims (20.27%) and Christians (0.88%).Other religions such as Sikh, Buddhist and etc form the remainder of the population. Kolkata City Information. The city is located near the Bay of Bengal in the north east of the country on the left banks of the Hooghly River, a major distributary of the Ganges. Till the year 2006, Kolkata didn’t have any train station named ‘Kolkata’ from where one could board mails and expresses until the Kolkata station also known as the Chitpur Station was inaugurated. Compare and Book Local Services and Save More. Kolkata is India’s second largest city and is among one of the four metropolitan cities of India. 6. The 7 th most populous city in India is Kolkata, under 2011 Indian Cencus. When compared to the other metro cities, Kolkata is said to be the most economical city. Free Kolkata Ticket – Kolkata is Not Rare City Ticket , But During The Kolkata Event You Will Get Assured Kolkata City Ticket By Just Sharing The Event Button Like We Did in Other Events. Its citizens exhibit a great joie de vivre that is demonstrated in a penchant for art and culture and a high level of intellectual vitality and political awareness. : [ Open] 2. KOLKATA: Amid the pandemic, Calcutta which is known as the cultural capital of the country for its love for culture is gradually patronizing artistes … Omissions? Some of the sites near Kolkata offer tourists a sense of tranquility, whereas others offer them a glimpse into the life of the tribal people from the region. Kolkata was always called Kolkata in Bengali — derived from the name of one of the three villages said to have become the modern city of Kolkata. The Birla Planetarium in Kolkatais the largest planetarium in Asia, and the second largest in the world. Located on the east bank of the Hooghly River. Coauthor of. Spread over an area of 35000 sq m, it houses the Rabindra Bharati University. And currently as per the area it covers, Kolkata is said to be the second largest city after New Delhi, beating Mumbai and Bangaluru. After reading the astonishing, and the unknown facts about the “city of joy”, most of the people from the other states who were hesitating to settle in Kolkata, will change their mind. The city is also home to several special economic zones (SEZ) and IT parks. Earlier known as Calcutta, the city was founded in 1698 and served as the capital of British India till 1911 and then was shifted to Delhi. However, the name Kolkata has derived from the word ‘Kolikata’, which was one of three villages that predated the arrival of the British, in the area where the city eventually was to be established. Mumbai isn’t just the wealthiest city in the country, but among the wealthiest globally. Central Kolkata houses the central business district around the B. KOLKATA (formerly Calcutta) is a very old city in India. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. I was born and brought up here in Kolkata. Street food and bustling city’s just go hand in hand and Kolkata is no less a bustling city … Victoria Memorial Hall in Kolkata (Calcutta), India. KOLKATA The City Of Joy 2. The city proves to be joyful for the ones who have decided to set up their business here, or have come to work in the city. Kolkata, Bengali Kalikata, formerly Calcutta, city, capital of West Bengal state, and former capital (1772–1911) of British India. Kolkata was always called Kolkata in Bengali — derived from the name of one of the three villages said to have become the modern city of Kolkata. It is the state capital of West Bengal. Crowds throng to Kolkata’s book fairs, art exhibitions, and concerts, and there is a lively trading of polemics on walls, which has led to Kolkata being dubbed the “city of posters.”. Being the major metropolitan city in the East, Kolkata has always shared its fair part of the limelight, owing to the rich cultural heritage surrounding the state, and also it is a major port city since the times of the British. Kolkata is the capital of West Bengal, a state rich in natural resources with a thriving tea production industry. Pop. When you’re heading over to Kolkata… Kolkata is also called the “Cultural Capital of India” as it is one of the most important cultural centers in the country. B. D. Bagh area. The city is extremely friendly and very lenient compared to the other cities. Apr 27, 2019 - #kolkata #cityofjoy Kolkata also known as Calcutta is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. This large and vibrant Indian city thrives amid seemingly insurmountable economic, social, and political problems. This city is famous for providing tram services since 1902 by the Calcutta tramways companies. Mohun Bagan club was also associated with India's freedom struggle. Also known as the City of Palaces, Kolkata was formerly known as Calcutta which is an Anglicized name of Kalikata. Dakshineswar Kali Temple. Fashioned by the colonial British in the manner of a grand European capital—yet now set in one of the poorest and most overpopulated regions of India—Kolkata has grown into a city of sharp contrasts and contradictions. The unsuspecting visitor isn ’ t lack in education, health facilities housing. Seating capacity when the capital of West Bengal officially changed the name of the state a. Elementary and high school students the number of buildings built by the Kolkata book Fair is the reason it also! District, West Bengal the “ cultural capital of West Bengal, India former! 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