Harbert Davenport, "Men of Goliad," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 43 (July 1939). The area of Coleto Creek Reservoir is 12.545 square kilometers. Shackleford's command I think, who had an engagement with the enemy, we watching from the … Fannin set up a skirmish line with artillery while the column attempted to reach Coleto Creek, about two miles distant. 1. Not only did the decision to send Ward and King into Urrea's known path dangerously divide the Goliad garrison, thus reducing by about 150 the men Fannin would be able to bring against Urrea at Coleto Creek, but the move became the main reason Fannin waited so long to abandon Goliad. It is now an active church owned and managed by the Catholic Diocese of Victoria and stands as a memorial to the men who bravely and dutifully manned its defenses in support of their country. accessed January 19, 2021, Goliad Living History Event 2013 In the 1836 campaign the Texas "rebels" knew Santa Anna was coming with overwhelming strength, so they decided to retreat from Goliad. An obelisk commemorating the war at Fannin Battleground State Historic Site. He positioned the Mexican artillery on the slopes overlooking the Texian square. Urrea said that he was impressed with the fact that the Texians had managed to maintain the square against the three charges, and he was also impressed with the Texian weapon fire. At last the Texans began their retreat, by 9:00 A.M. on March 19 under a heavy fog. The Texans made effective use of their bayonets, multiple muskets, and nine cannons; their square remained unbroken. Ruby C. Smith, "James W. Fannin, Jr., in the Texas Revolution," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 23 (October 1919, January, April 1920). General Nathaniel Lyon’s Army of the West was camped at Springfield, Missouri, with Confederate troops under the commands of Brig. Fannin suffers 10 killed and approximately 60 wounded on March 19, and surrenders the following day. Reenactment of the Battle at Coleto. Hobart Huson, Refugio: A Comprehensive History of Refugio County from Aboriginal Times to 1953 (2 vols., Woodsboro, Texas: Rooke Foundation, 1953, 1955). The area of Coleto Creek Reservoir is 12.545 square kilometers. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. Cllia.,te. On August 9, both sides formulated plans to attack the other. The lack of water, which was required to cool and clean the cannons during fire, also guaranteed that the artillery would be ineffective the next day, especially considering that the artillerists had sustained a high number of casualties. Founded on the San Antonio River, it is the county seat of Goliad County. The USGS (U.S. Geological Survey) publishes a set of the most commonly used topographic maps of the U.S. called US Topo that are separated into rectangular quadrants that are printed at 22.75"x29" or larger. SURVEY . After learning of the Alamo's defeat, Texian general Sam Houston ordered Fannin to retreat from Goliad and join the rest of the army in Victoria. Dudley Goodall Wooten, ed., A Comprehensive History of Texas (2 vols., Dallas: Scarff, 1898; rpt., Austin: Texas State Historical Association, 1986). Fannin Battleground State Historic Site commemorates the site of the Battle of Coleto Creek, which occurred on March 19 and 20, 1836. Nine heavy artillery pieces with different calibers were ordered by Fannin to be taken by the Texans, along with 1000 muskets, but he neglected to ensure that a good amount of food and water was transported. Coleto Creek Cooling Pond is covered by the Fannin, TX US Topo Map quadrant Urrea knew from captured couriers that Ward and Fannin would try to rendezvous at Victoria, so with the aid of Carlos de la Garza's men, he kept the Georgia Battalion isolated in the Guadalupe riverbottom until they surrendered. Fannin's entire command, together with William Ward and the Georgia Battalion, was shot in the Goliad Massacre on Palm Sunday, March 27, 1836. The Texians had little water. The battle of Coleto, the culmination of the Goliad Campaign of 1836, occurred near Coleto Creek in Goliad County on March 19 and 20, 1836. In the afternoon, Mexican cavalry appeared: the Texans struck up a defensive position. The fighting of 19 March had also left many Texian artillerists casualties, and ammunition for the cannons was low. Fannin was part of the remaining 40 wounded soldiers who were taken to the presidio. GOLIAD - The Mexican Army camp was quiet in the half hour before the re-enactment of the Battle of Coleto Creek at Presidio La Bahia in Goliad as seasoned war The Battle of Coleto and the Goliad Massacre From the Republic Pension Application of Andrew A. Boyle. Fannin insisted on taking nine cumbersome artillery pieces of various calibers and about 1,000 muskets, though he neglected to take enough water and food for more than a few meals. "Slaughter at Goliad: The Mexican Massacre of 400 Texas Volunteers". It was therefore decided that the Texians should attempt to make another stand from their current position the next day. The pain being experienced by the wounded resulted in the general decrease in morale amongst the Texian soldiers during the night. 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