Viral Pneumonia: Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis Chest pain when you breathe or cough 2. These include those who recently had an organ transplant. Mild signs and symptoms often are similar to those of a cold or flu, but they last longer.Signs and symptoms of pneumonia may include: 1. They may also exhibit blueish lips or nails, which indicates that they aren’t getting enough oxygen. The symptoms of viral pneumonia usually develop over a period of several days. You doctor will take a history of your symptoms and order a blood test, chest x-ray and sputum test. Here's what you can do for coughing, fever, and more. Confusion or changes in mental awareness (in adults age 65 and older) 3. Treating Pneumonia. It can spread through coughs, sneezes, and contamination on objects. Practicing good hygiene can help prevent the spread of pneumonia or the risk of catching it. It is a highly contagious lung infection characterised by inflammation of air sacs in one or both the lungs. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. The two most common causes of pneumonia are bacteria and viruses. Walking pneumonia is a mild form of pneumonia. Causes behind painful breathing, fluid buildup. Learn more. Pneumonia is a common disease that can have more than 30 different causes and symptoms. Bacterial pneumonia is also more likely to enter the blood stream and infect other parts of the body. Seek immediate medical attention if you are experiencing: Bacteria pneumonia is caused by bacteria that works its way into the lungs and then multiplies. What are the symptoms of bacterial pneumonia? Symptoms in children under 1 month of age include weakness or lethargy, poor feeding, fever, or grunting. You have a higher risk of getting bacteria pneumonia if you: People who have a weakened immune system also have an increased risk for bacterial pneumonia. The severity of the condition is variable. The antibiotic choice depends on the nature of the pneumonia, the microorganisms most commonly causing pneumonia in the geographical region, and the immune status and underlying health of the individual. Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs. Other bacteria that can cause pneumonia include: People who have these conditions may be at an increased risk for pneumonia: People over the age of 65 and children 2 and younger are also at a higher risk for developing pneumonia. organ failure, due to bacterial infection. Listen for abnormal chest sounds that indicate a heavy secretion of mucus. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. The symptoms of bacterial pneumonia are different for children of different age groups. The flu is one of the most common causes of viral pneumonia in adults, though post-flu complications can also cause bacterial pneumonia. Bacterial pneumonia can be effectively treated by antibiotics. Symptoms And Symptoms Of Pneumonia 978 Words | 4 Pages. The signs and symptoms of pneumonia vary from mild to severe, depending on factors such as the type of germ causing the infection, and your age and overall health. People with pneumonia usually complain of coughing, mucus production, fever, shortness of breath, and/or chest pain. Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP): HAP occurs within two to three days of exposure to germs in a medical setting, such as a hospital or doctor’s office. Do you have viral or bacterial pneumonia? If you’re young and basically healthy, these bacteria can live in your throat without causing any trouble. Most types of pneumonia cause fever, cough with sputum (coughed-up mucus), shortness of breath and fatigue. It can occur on its own or develop after another illness, like a cold or the flu. Some people may need extra tests. Bacterial pneumonia is more common in the adult population. In some cases, your child may not even act like they are sick. Young children and the elderly are more likely to need to go to the hospital to receive intravenous antibiotics, medical care and respiratory therapy. Symptoms of pneumonia include coughing (with green, yellow, or bloody mucus), fever, chills, shortness of breath, nausea, low energy, stabbing chest pains, shallow breaths, and a loss of appetite. The severity of the infection depends on the bacterium, patient’s health, age and immunity. Early symptoms are similar to influenza symptoms: fever, a dry cough, headache, muscle pain, and weakness. Fatigue 5. The severity of your pneumonia depends on: The most common symptoms of bacterial pneumonia are: Older adults will share all the symptoms with younger adults, but are much more likely to experience confusion and dizziness. Stay home until your fever goes down and you aren’t coughing anything out. Pneumonia can make it difficult for your body to get enough oxygen to your blood, which can cause cells to not work properly. The most common one is Streptococcus (pneumococcus), but other bacteria can cause it too. What increases your risk for bacterial pneumonia? Bacterial pneumonia, if left untreated, can lead to respiratory failure and death. The infection is caused by bacteria or by a viral infection, which is a disease that is caused by different types of viruses. It can enter your lungs through inhalation or through your bloodstream. How serious your case of pneumonia depends on the particular germ causing pneumonia, your overall health, and your age. Take a sample of mucus, or a sputum culture, to identify the bacterium causing the infection. Read on to learn about pneumonia with lung cancer symptoms, treatment, and more. Viral and bacterial pneumonia symptoms are quite similar If you have pneumonia—either bacterial or viral—you’ll typically have a cough that brings up sputum, fever, shortness of … To diagnose bacterial pneumonia, your doctor will: Most cases can be treated at home, with medications, to prevent complications from a hospital setting. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Viral Pneumonia: Symptoms, Risk Factors, and More, Aspiration Pneumonia: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment, Debra Rose Wilson, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT, Everything You Should Know About Walking Pneumonia in Kids. It doesn’t usually cause harm or illness unless you have a weakened immune system. Home remedies can't treat pneumonia, but they can be used to effectively manage its symptoms. In older patients, fatigue or confusion can be the only or most noticeable symptom. Symptoms of bacterial pneumonia may include shortness of breath, greenish mucus, rapid breathing, chest pain with coughing or breathing, as well as lethargy. Drink plenty of fluids (they’ll loosen up the gunk in your lungs so you can cough it out). Learn about the symptoms of viral pneumonia and how to treat this contagious condition. Pneumonia for this group can be life-threatening. Fever symptoms due to this bacterial lung infection may be as high as 105 degrees F, Cleveland Clinic health professionals warn. Your doctor might also suggest medication for pain and fever. Use a humidifier or take a warm bath (more gunk-loosening). A number of different kinds of bacteria can cause pneumonia. Mycoplasma pneumonia is a contagious respiratory infection. Signs of this potentially fatal complication. How is aspiration pneumonia different from other pneumonias, and what are the causes, symptoms, and risk factors? WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Secondary bacterial pneumonia occurs after an infection of the lungs such as the flu or whooping cough. ; The most common bacterial type that causes pneumonia is Streptococcus pneumoniae. Pneumonia is a respiratory infection that primarily affects the small air sacs (alveoli) and interstitial tissue of the lungs. rapid … … Learn more about…, Many people can fight flu symptoms with lots of rest and fluids, but certain high-risk groups may experience dangerous complications as a result of…. These stomach upset symptoms can be accompanied by abdominal pain or discomfort and may contribute to … Most bacteria that cause pneumonia are pyogenic bacteria, which means that they form pus, a combination of debris from serum, dead bacteria, and … Bacteria may enter the alveoli of the lungs by four routes: inhalation from the surrounding air, spread via the bloodstream from an infection elsewhere within the body, contact with nearby infected sites, or by inhaling organisms growing in the individual's mouth or throat. Antibiotics are the main line of treatment. Contact Us. ‍ Pneumonia Symptoms. This is also called a “nosocomial infection.” This type of pneumonia is often more resistant to antibiotics and more is difficult to treat than CAP. You can catch pneumonia when someone who is infected coughs or sneezes. Pneumonia Types - What Is Bacterial Pneumonia? Affected patients can experience nausea or may begin to vomit, reports UMMC. Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common cause of bacterial pneumonia. What is Pneumonia? Determine the morbidity risk level in time. © 2005-2021 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. Here are 12 great options, from aviators to wraparound. In infants, difficulty breathing may show up as flaring nostrils or chest sinking when breathing. Symptoms. People who are HIV positive, or who have leukemia, lymphoma, or severe kidney disease also stand a greater chance of developing the infection. Bacterial vs. viral pneumonia: What’s the difference? Symptoms in older children are the same as adults. They may display similar symptoms to the ones above. These test can find what type pneumonia you have and what medicines will be effective in treatment. 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