pic.twitter.com/wMbaJOShF2, Today remember #GuruTeghBahadur's martyrdom. Let us tell you that the place where Guru Tegh Bahadur beheaded by the Mughal Emperor is located at the same place in Delhi today, Shishganj Gurudwara and Guru Tegh Bahadur was born on 18 April 1621 in Amritsar. [24][26] He visited the towns of Mathura, Agra, Allahabad and Varanasi. Tyaga Mal was born in Amritsar in the early hours of 1 April 1621. [1][4], William Irvine states that Guru Tegh Bahadur was tortured for many weeks while being asked to abandon his faith and convert to Islam; he stood by his convictions and refused; he was then executed. Hinduism”). According to records written by his son Guru Gobind Singh, the Guru had resisted persecution and had adopted and promised to protect Kashmiri Hindus. Today, the nation is commemorating the death anniversary of Guru Tegh Bahadur.On November 24, he got beheaded by Mughal emperor Aurangzeb.. Also Read: The mastermind of Mumbai Bomb Blast and a Member of Lashkar-e-Taiba Group Hafiz Saeed Sentenced to 10 Years of … Taking advantage of the ambiguity in the words of the dying Guru, many installed themselves in Bakala, claiming themselves as the new Guru. Fils de Guru HargobindGuru Hargobind [3] While Guru Tegh Bahadur influence was rising, Aurangzeb had imposed Islamic laws, demolished Hindu schools and temples, and enforced new taxes on non-Muslims. Guru Tegh Bahadur was the ninth of the ten Gurus of the religion of Sikhism. Check here some facts about the 9th guru of the Sikhs. [33][37], Sikh historians record that Guru Tegh Bahadur had become a socio-political challenge to the Muslim rule and Aurangzeb. ................................ Advertisement ................................ 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Satish Chandra cautions that this was the "official justification", which historically can be expected to be full of evasion and distortion to justify official action. Both these men (Guru Tegh Bahadur and Hafiz Adam) used to move about in Punjab, adopting a habit of coercion and extortion. In 1675, Guru Tegh Bahadur was beheaded publicly in the Chandni Chowk market, a market square close to the Red fort. Aurangzeb dreamed of an Islamic India. He is regarded as the most selfless martyr and his martyrdom is observed on 24th November every year as Guru Tegh Bahadur Martyrdom Day. [16], In March 1664 Guru Har Krishan contracted smallpox. [9] 24 November, the date of his martyrdom, is observed in certain parts of India as a public holiday. [43] Gurdwara Rakab Ganj Sahib, also in Delhi, is built on the site of the residence of a disciple of Teg Bahadur, who burned his house to cremate his master's body. Next Lawyers’ protest demanding open entry in courts continues unabated . As such, it is a classic Hindutva proof of the Hinduness of Sikhism, though it is also a classic neo-Sikh proof of the “secularism” of Sikhism (“showing concern even for people of a different religion, viz. Sikhism: Guru Tegh Bahadur. He refused. The Guru questioned the idea that "occult powers were not a proof of one's nearness to God", states Grewal. I call upon all to imbibe his teachings in our life, he said. [30] According to Purnima Dhavan – a scholar of South Asian history and Mughal Empire, the Mughal administration kept a close watch on his activities. [3][1] Guru Tegh Bahadur was martyred, along with fellow devotees Bhai Mati Dass, Bhai Sati Das and Bhai Dayala. His contemporary Hafiz Adam, a faqir belonging to the group of Shaikh Ahmad Sirhindi's followers, had also come to have a large number of murids and followers. Guru Tegh Bahadur (1 April 1621 – 24 November 1675), revered as the ninth Nanak, was the ninth of ten Gurus of the Sikh religion. His term as Guru ran from 1665 to 1675. Today is Guru Tegh Bahadur's 345th Martyrdom Day. 26 (2008), pages 243-255, Quote: "Guru Tegh Bahadur died in order to protect the freedom of India from invading Mughals . People across the country are paying homage to the great Sikh Guru who was an embodiment of humility and transcended all barriers of caste, creed, race, religion and gender. Tegh Bahadur gave him his blessings and remarked that his offering was considerably short of the promised five hundred. Guru Tegh Bahadur taught his followers to be fearless in pursuit of justice in society. The royal waqia navis (news reporter and intelligence agent) wrote to the Emperor Alamgir [Aurangzeb] of their manner of activity, added that if their authority increased they could become even refractory. Whom you have undertaken to protect heads and Give the head of Kushal Singh Dahiya Mughal! End the war between Raja Ram Singh of Bengal and Raja Chakardwaj Ahom! 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