With thirty-three illustrations by Ernest Griset.Publisher: British Library, Historical Print EditionsThe British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom. Sindh Revisited: A Journey in the Footsteps of Captain Sir Richard Francis Burtonby Christopher Ondaatje (Har… His accomplishments will always amaze even generations to come. In 1829, Burton began a formal education at a preparatory school in Richmond Green in Richmond, Surrey, run by Reverend Charles Delafosse. The Life of Captain Sir Richard F. Burton, Volume 1 Lady Isabel Burton Full view - 1898. K.C.M.G., F.R.G.S., etc. While he was largely cleared of any blame, this did not help his career. [37], On 22 January 1861, Burton and Isabel married in a quiet Catholic ceremony although he did not adopt the Catholic faith at this time. He was a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society and was awarded a knighthood in 1886. An interesting, if at times tedious, biography of the 19th century adventurer Sir Richard Burton. Amharic [32][33] Speke appears to have been kinder and less intrusive to the Africans they encountered, and reportedly fell in love with an African woman on a future expedition. The examiner was Robert Lambert Playfair, who disliked Burton. [12]:332–339,492, A prolonged public quarrel followed, damaging the reputations of both Burton and Speke. German "[24], In May 1854, Burton traveled to Aden in preparation for his Somaliland Expedition, supported by the Royal Geographical Society. [56], 1. [18][12]:56–65 He also earned the name "Ruffian Dick"[12]:218 for his "demonic ferocity as a fighter and because he had fought in single combat more enemies than perhaps any other man of his time". Burton became so tired of denying this accusation that he took to baiting his accusers, although he was said to enjoy the notoriety and even once laughingly claimed to have done it. Vikram and The Vampire: Classic Hindu Tales of Adventure, Magic, and Romance by Sir Richard R. Burton (2011-05-07) by Sir Richard R. Burton | 1 Jan 1666 4.1 out of 5 stars 60 Next to the lady chapel in the church there is a memorial stained-glass window to Burton, also erected by Isabel; it depicts Burton as a medieval knight. Brentano's. His wife never recovered from this loss. Shop for Books on Google Play. A jury ruled Speke's death an accident. For the novel by William Harrison, see. [17] Burton did have many peculiar habits that set him apart from other soldiers. [15] Him Chand, his gotra teacher, a Nagar Brahmin, could have been an apostate. Sir Richard Burton, in full Sir Richard Francis Burton, (born March 19, 1821, Torquay, Devonshire, England—died October 20, 1890, Trieste, Austria-Hungary [now in Italy]), English scholar-explorer and Orientalist who was the first European to discover Lake Tanganyika and to penetrate hitherto-forbidden Muslim cities. [55], Perhaps Burton's best-known book is his translation of The Kama Sutra. Deliberately presented by Burton as a translation, the poem and his notes and commentary on it contain layers of Sufic meaning that seem to have been designed to project Sufi teaching in the West. Ebooks library. Burton's interest in sexuality led him to make measurements of the lengths of the penises of male inhabitants of various regions, which he includes in his travel books. [12]:402–410,492, However, the area was in some turmoil at the time with considerable tensions between the Christian, Jewish and Muslim populations. Some biographers have suggested that friends of Speke (particularly Laurence Oliphant) had initially stirred up trouble between the two. "Charting the Frontier: Indigenous Geography, Arab-Nyamwezi Caravans, and the East African Expedition of 1856–59". According to Burton, "A tradition exists that with the entrance of the first [white] Christian Harar will fall." He was known for his travels and explorations within Asia, Africa and the Americas as well as his extraordinary knowledge of languages and cultures. (Burton's investigations into this had provoked hostility from the Jewish population in Damascus (see the Damascus affair). [47], Other works of note include a collection of Hindu tales, Vikram and the Vampire (1870); and his uncompleted history of swordsmanship, The Book of the Sword (1884). Burton learned of Speke's death the following day while waiting for their debate to begin. 24. There he studied Mormonism and met Brigham Young. '", The Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night, Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George, British Association for the Advancement of Science, https://catalog.huntington.org/record=b1707757, a remarkable tomb in the shape of a Bedouin tent, St Mary Magdalen Roman Catholic Church Mortlake, "Imperial Player: Richard Burton in Sindh", In last of a series of dispatches from Mogadishu, Daniel Howden reports on the artists fighting to keep a tradition alive, "The Journal of the Discovery of the Source of the Nile", "More about Richmond upon Thames Borough Art Collection", "Sir Richard Francis Burton Explorer of the Sotadic Zone", The Romance of Lady Isabel Burton (chapter 38), "Shorter Works by Richard Francis Burton", Trafficking in Persianness: Richard Burton between mimicry and similitude in the Indian Ocean and Persianate worlds, Bath Royal Literary and Scientific Institution, Complete Works of Richard Burton at burtoniana.org, "Archival material relating to Richard Francis Burton", The Thousand-and-Second Tale of Scheherazade, Two Years Eight Months and Twenty-Eight Nights, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Richard_Francis_Burton&oldid=1000538969, British expatriates in the Ottoman Empire, British military personnel of the Crimean War, Burials at St Mary Magdalen Roman Catholic Church Mortlake, Fellows of the Royal Geographical Society, Freemasons of the United Grand Lodge of England, Knights Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George, Translators of One Thousand and One Nights, Pages using infobox military person with embed, Articles with dead external links from April 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2014, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Soldier, diplomat, explorer, translator, arabist, author, Burton is the main character in the "Burton and Swinburne", Though not one of the primary characters in the series, Burton plays an important historical role in the, Burton and his partner Speke are recurrently mentioned in one of. Burton showed a talent to learn languages and quickly learned French, Italian, Neapolitan and Latin, as well as several dialects. [39] He documented his experiences in The Highlands of Brazil (1869). 14. Pay, pack, and follow at convenience. The Book of the Sword Sir Richard Francis Burton 622 downloads Vikram and the Vampire: Classic Hindu Tales of Adventure, Magic, and Romance Sir Richard Francis Burton 373 downloads A Plain and Literal Translation of the Arabian Nights Entertainments, Now Entituled the Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night, Volume 01 (of 17) 163 downloads In Burton's own words, the main aim of the society (through the publication of the periodical Anthropologia) was "to supply travellers with an organ that would rescue their observations from the outer darkness of manuscript and print their curious information on social and sexual matters". Lacking supplies and proper instruments, Speke was unable to survey the area properly but was privately convinced that it was the long-sought source of the Nile. 23. Marathi He came of the Westmorland Burtons of Shap, but his grandfather, the Rev. [25][12]:238–256, Following this adventure, Burton prepared to set out in search of the source of the Nile, accompanied by Lieutenant Speke, Lieutenant G. E. Herne and Lieutenant William Stroyan and a number of Africans employed as bearers. His seven years in India gave Burton a familiarity with the customs and behaviour of Muslims and prepared him to attempt a Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca and, in this case, Medina). Sir Richard Francis Burton (1821-1890), British consul, explorer and Orientalist, was born at Barham House, Hertfordshire, on the 19th of March 1821. (1821 - 1890) EXPLORER -- RACIALIST -- MAN OF THE WEST". For this reason Burton, together with Forster Fitzgerald Arbuthnot, created the Kama Shastra Society to print and circulate books that would be illegal to publish in public. Speke, in light of the issues he was having with Burton, had Grant sign a statement saying, among other things, "I renounce all my rights to publishing ... my own account [of the expedition] until approved of by Captain Speke or [the Royal Geographical Society]". [66][69], Burton published over 40 books and countless articles, monographs and letters. 3. The couple were reunited in 1865 when Burton was transferred to Santos in Brazil. 4to., handsomely rebacked with 3/4 cloth spine and corners, and a leather label, original paper covered boards with title in Arabic, text and 12 b/w plates in a Bearsdleyan style. [36], On 16 September 1864, Burton and Speke were scheduled to debate the source of the Nile at a meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science. Of his journey, Burton wrote, "at Mecca there is nothing theatrical, nothing that suggests the opera, but all is simple and impressive...tending, I believe, after its fashion, to good. [11], According to Ed Rice, speaking on Burton's university days, "He stirred the bile of the dons by speaking real—that is, Roman—Latin instead of the artificial type peculiar to England, and he spoke Greek Romaically, with the accent of Athens, as he had learned it from a Greek merchant at Marseilles, as well as the classical forms. NY, 1926. There is a scene in the film that always gives me a chuckle. Over 200 of these have been collected in PDF facsimile format at burtoniana.org.[73]. . 4. Burton's description of the journey is given in Lake Regions of Equatorial Africa (1860). "[64] Ouida reported: "Men at the FO [Foreign Office] ... used to hint dark horrors about Burton, and certainly justly or unjustly he was disliked, feared and suspected ... not for what he had done, but for what he was believed capable of doing."[65]. ", Burton retorted: "Quite jolly, what about you?". I first became acquainted with Burton's Travels in The Highlands of Brazil, a book which is a must have for those collecting books on the history of gem mining and gemology. He wrote a number of travel books in this period that were not particularly well received. Speke gave his own account in The Journal of the Discovery of the Source of the Nile (1863). Pushtu Burton stayed in the city for ten days, officially a guest of the Amir but in reality his prisoner. Is the subject of books: The Life of Captain Sir Richard F. Burton, 1893, BY: Isabel Burton, DETAILS: (2 vols.) Burton arrived London on 21 May, discovering "My companion now stood forth in his new colours, and angry rival." Free delivery worldwide on over 20 million titles. German Books Bestseller & mehr New Releases Deals Browse English & Foreign Language Books Paperbacks Textbooks School Books Kinderbücher Audiobooks 1-16 of 107 results. As an obituary described: "...he was ill fitted to run in official harness, and he had a Byronic love of shocking people, of telling tales against himself that had no foundation in fact. By the end of his life, Burton had mastered at least 26 languages – or 40, if distinct dialects are counted. Farwell is more concise and more easily readable. As well as references to many themes from Classical Western myths, the poem contains many laments that are accented with fleeting imagery such as repeated comparisons to "the tinkling of the Camel bell" that becomes inaudible as the animal vanishes in the darkness of the desert. By this point much of their surveying equipment was lost, ruined, or stolen, and they were unable to complete surveys of the area as well as they wished. The Biographies THE LIFE OF SIR RICHARD BURTON by Thomas Wright THE ROMANCE OF ISABEL, LADY BURTON by Isabel Lady Burton and W. H. Wilkins BRIEF BIOGRAPHY: RICHARD FRANCIS BURTON by James Sutherland Cotton Burton speculated that male homosexuality was prevalent in an area of the southern latitudes named by him the "Sotadic zone". However, he collaborated with Forster Fitzgerald Arbuthnot on the work and provided translations from other manuscripts of later translations. Ultima Thule. THE ROMANCE OF ISABEL, LADY BURTON by Isabel Lady Burton and W. H. Wilkins. Greek Once there, Burton travelled through Brazil's central highlands, canoeing down the São Francisco River from its source to the falls of Paulo Afonso. Burton's best-known achievements include: a well-documented journey to Mecca in disguise, at a time when Europeans were forbidden access on pain of death; an unexpurgated translation of One Thousand and One Nights (commonly called The Arabian Nights in English after early translations of Antoine Galland's French version); the publication of the Kama Sutra in English; a translation of The Perfumed Garden, the "Arab Kama Sutra"; and a journey with John Hanning Speke as the first Europeans to visit the Great Lakes of Africa in search of the source of the Nile. Italian, 5. According to Burton, Speke broke an agreement they had made to give their first public speech together. Burton spent much of this time exploring the coast of West Africa, documenting his findings in Abeokuta and The Cameroons Mountains: An Exploration (1863), and A Mission to Gelele, King of Dahome (1864). So Richard Francis Burton, preparing for an exploration of the lower Congo in 1863, wrote to Monckton Milnes from the African kingdom of Dahomey. [54], His English translation from a French edition of the Arabic erotic guide The Perfumed Garden was printed as The Perfumed Garden of the Cheikh Nefzaoui: A Manual of Arabian Erotology (1886). Burton died on 20 October 1890 in Trieste due to a heart attack. Burton had two siblings, Maria Katherine Elizabeth Burton (who married Lt.-General Sir Henry William Stisted) and Edward Joseph Netterville Burton, born in 1823 and 1824, respectively. The Life of Captain Sir Richard F. Burton: Volume 1 [12]:265–271, In 1856, the Royal Geographical Society funded another expedition for Burton and Speke, "and exploration of the then utterly unknown Lake regions of Central Africa." 8. This was not a prestigious appointment; because the climate was considered extremely unhealthy for Europeans, Isabel could not accompany him. Edward Burton, settled in Ireland as rector of Tuam, and his father, Lieutenant-Colonel Joseph Netterville Burton, of the 36th Regiment, was an Irishman by birth and character. 20. Richard Francis Burton: free download. [12]:219–220,227–264, This Somaliland Expedition lasted from 29 October 1854 to 9 February 1855, with much of the time spent in the port of Zeila, where Burton was a guest of the town's Governor al-Haji Sharmakay bin Ali Salih. 17. It was this journey, undertaken in 1853, which first made Burton famous. Brief selections from a variety of Burton's writings are available in Frank McLynn's Of No Country: An Anthology of Richard Burton (1990; New York: Charles Scribner's Sons). Portuguese Sir Richard Francis Burton KCMG FRGS (/ˈbɜːrtən/; 19 March 1821 – 20 October 1890) was a British explorer, geographer, translator, writer, soldier, orientalist, cartographer, ethnographer, ethnologist, spy,[1] linguist, poet, fencer, Freemason, and diplomat. After his African explorations, Burton was appointed British counsel to Brazil. Burton's trek to Mecca was dangerous, and his caravan was attacked by bandits (a common experience at the time). That afternoon Speke went hunting on the nearby estate of a relative. Then, his involvement with the Sházlis, a group of Muslims Burton called "Secret Christians longing for baptism," which Isabel called "his ruin." A great number of his journal and magazine pieces have never been catalogued. Tim Jeal, evaluating the written evidence, says the odds are "heavily against Speke having made a pledge to his former leader". THE LYRICKS THE CARMINA OF CATULLUS. William Henry Wilkins wrote: "So far as I can gather from all I have learned, the chief value of Burton’s version of The Scented Garden lay not so much in his translation of the text, though that of course was admirably done, as in the copious notes and explanations which he had gathered together for the purpose of annotating the book. Having been told that Burton could be vindictive, and wishing to avoid any animosity should Burton fail, Badger declined. Burton was awestruck by the sight of the magnificent lake, but Speke, who had been temporarily blinded, was unable to see the body of water. Looking for books by Richard Francis Burton? Please visit www.delphiclassics.com to browse through our range of exciting titles or to purchase this eBook as a Parts Edition of individual eBooks Departing Medina with the Damascus caravan on 31 August, Burton entered Mecca on 11 September. However, the Obscene Publications Act of 1857 had resulted in many jail sentences for publishers, with prosecutions being brought by the Society for the Suppression of Vice. These books include The Kama Sutra of Vatsyayana (1883) (popularly known as the Kama Sutra), The Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night (1885) (popularly known as The Arabian Nights), The Perfumed Garden of the Shaykh Nefzawi (1886) and The Supplemental Nights to the Thousand Nights and a Night (seventeen volumes 1886–98). Death of Sir Richard Burton. Occitan (Gascon/Béarnese dialect) The stories collected were often sexual in content and were considered pornography at the time of publication. Sanskrit They would travel from Zanzibar to Ujiji along a caravan route established in 1825 by an Arab slave and ivory merchant. A number of biographies of Burton have been written. 19. Beatson, as the Chief of staff for "Beatson's Horse", popularly called the Bashi-bazouks, and based in Gallipoli. The book The Jew, the Gipsy and el Islam was published posthumously in 1898 and was controversial for its criticism of Jews and for its assertion of the existence of Jewish human sacrifices. As Professor George Percy Badger knew Arabic well, Playfair asked Badger to oversee the exam. [29][12]:298–312,491–492,500, Burton and Speke made it back to Zanzibar on 4 March 1859, and left on 22 March for Aden. Burton first advanced his Sotadic Zone concept in the "Terminal Essay",[68] contained in Volume 10 of his English translation of The Arabian Nights, which he called The Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night, published in England in 1886. Traveling through Alexandria in April, then Cairo in May, where he stayed in June during Ramadan, Burton first donned the guise of a Persian mirza, then a Sunnī "Shaykh, doctor, magician and dervish. The Poetry Books STONE TALK THE LUSIADS THE KASIDAH OF HAJI ABDU EL-YEZDI CAMOENS. Free Shipping by Amazon ... by Sir Burton, Richard Francis | 11 Nov 2011. [43][dead link] A "broken man", Burton was never particularly content with this post, but it required little work, was far less dangerous than Damascus (as well as less exciting), and allowed him the freedom to write and travel. Tim Jeal, who has accessed Speke's personal papers, suggests that it was more likely the other way around, Burton being jealous and resentful of Speke's determination and success. [12]:395–399,402,409, In Damascus, Burton made friends with Abdelkader al-Jazairi, while Isabel befriended Jane Digby, calling her "my most intimate friend." I have read Farwell's and Rice's biography of Sir Richard Francis Burton and generally speaking, preferred the former to the latter. It has been suggested that Burton's detailed report on the workings of the brothel led some to believe he had been a customer. [10], Burton matriculated at Trinity College, Oxford, on 19 November 1840. The officers estimated the number of attackers at 200. [26] However, the failure of this expedition was viewed harshly by the authorities, and a two-year investigation was set up to determine to what extent Burton was culpable for this disaster. He also translated The Lusiads, the Portuguese national epic by Luís de Camões, in 1880 and, the next year, wrote a sympathetic biography of the poet and adventurer. [66][67] He asserted that there exists a geographic-climatic zone in which sodomy and pederasty (sexual intimacy between older men and young pubescent/adolescent boys) are endemic,[66][67] prevalent,[66][67] and celebrated among the indigenous inhabitants and within their cultures. 2. He was famed for his travels and explorations in Asia, Africa, and the Americas, as well as his extraordinary knowledge of languages and cultures. The volumes were printed by the Kama Shastra Society in a subscribers-only edition of one thousand with a guarantee that there would never be a larger printing of the books in this form. Saraiki 2. [53], Burton had long had an interest in sexuality and some erotic literature. Burton also met with Charles Francis Tyrwhitt-Drake and Edward Henry Palmer, collaborating with Drake in writing Unexplored Syria (1872). The Complete Works of Captain Sir Richard Francis Burton, including his journal articles, together with the standard biographies, numerous portraits, images and critical commentary. There, he participated in the Tawaf, traveled to Mount Arafat, and participated in the Stoning of the Devil, all the while taking notes on the Kaaba, its Black Stone, and the Zamzam Well. [35], Speke undertook a second expedition, along with Captain James Grant and Sidi Mubarak Bombay, to prove that Lake Victoria was the true source of the Nile. Persian (Farsi) The Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night, vol 2 by Sir Richard Francis Burton Download Read more. Sir Richard Burton settled down to translate explicit books Shutterstock No longer a Foreign Office diplomat, Burton was nonetheless still gleaming with the sheen of fame for all his international hijinks over the years — and helped by his massive catalog of best-selling books … He was famed for his travels and explorations in Asia, Africa, and the Americas, as well as his extraordinary knowledge of languages and cultures. He wrote, "I have never been so flattered in my life than to think it would take three hundred men to kill me. Fan French "[12]:58,67–68,104–108,150–155,161,164, Burton's pilgrimage to Medina and Mecca in 1853, was his realization of "the plans and hopes of many and many a year...to study thoroughly the inner life of the Moslem." Accompanied by an Indian boy slave called Nūr, Burton further equipped himself with a case for carrying the Qur'ān, but instead had three compartments for his watch and compass, money, and penknife, pencils, and numbered pieces of paper for taking notes. [23][12]:179–225, Burton sat for the examination as an Arab linguist. Every page is chock-full of intrique and adventure, so much that the readers must constantly remind themselves that Captain Burton is, in fact, a non-fictional character. An obituary surmised that Speke, while climbing over the wall, had carelessly pulled the gun after himself with the muzzle pointing at his chest and shot himself. His studies of Hindu culture had progressed to such an extent that "my Hindu teacher officially allowed me to wear the janeo (Brahmanical Thread)". Burton traveled onwards with a group of nomads to Suez, sailed to Yambu, and joined a caravan to Medina, where he arrived on 27 July, earning the title Zair. Regarding Burton's Muslim beliefs, Ed Rice states, "Thus, he was circumcised, and made a Muslim, and lived like a Muslim and prayed and practiced like one." He also describes sexual techniques common in the regions he visited, often hinting that he had participated, hence breaking both sexual and racial taboos of his day. Alexander Maitland, Speke's only biographer, concurs. [31], Speke had earlier proven his mettle by trekking through the mountains of Tibet, but Burton regarded him as inferior as he did not speak any Arabic or African languages. Translated by the noted Victorian Orientalist, Sir Richard F. Burton, from the original Sanskrit, these ancient Indian folk tales influenced such later works as 1001 Arabian Nights and Boccaccio's Decameron. Despite his fascination with non-European cultures, some have portrayed Burton as an unabashed imperialist convinced of the historical and intellectual superiority of the white race, citing his involvement in the Anthropological Society, an organization that established a doctrine of scientific racism. As he put it, though "... neither Koran or Sultan enjoin the death of Jew or Christian intruding within the columns that note the sanctuary limits, nothing could save a European detected by the populace, or one who after pilgrimage declared himself an unbeliever". Hoping to be merely "rusticated"—that is, suspended with the possibility of reinstatement, the punishment received by some less provocative students who had also visited the steeplechase—he was instead permanently expelled from Trinity College. "[12]:179–225, Motivated by his love of adventure, Burton got the approval of the Royal Geographical Society for an exploration of the area, and he gained permission from the board of directors of the East India Company to take leave from the army. 15. "[42] Burton eventually suffered the enmity of the Greek Christian and Jewish communities. Burton, "assuming the disguise of an Arab merchant" called Haji Mirza Abdullah, awaited word that the road to Harar was safe. Yet, "He had already passed the official examinations in six languages and was studying two more and was eminently qualified." As he put it, "Do what thy manhood bids thee do, from none but self expect applause". Adapted by Captain Sir Richard F. Burton [from the Baita l-Pachi si ] . Many people at the time considered the Kama Shastra Society and the books it published scandalous. Spanish Burton departed San Francisco on 15 November, for the voyage back to England, where he published The City of the Saints and Across the Rocky Mountains to California. Speke returned to London first and presented a lecture at the Royal Geographical Society, claiming Lake Victoria as the source of the Nile. Burton was again taken ill on the return journey; Speke continued exploring without him, making a journey to the north and eventually locating the great Lake Victoria, or Victoria Nyanza, on 3 August. Sir Richard Francis Burton (1821-1890) was an renown British explorer, writer, translator, and linguist who is best known for his travels within Asia, Africa, and the Middle East. Thirty-Three illustrations by Ernest Griset.Publisher: British Library is the national Library of the Romani language expedition to,! Implicated Burton as the Source of the Discovery of the inhabitants of areas he through! Amaze even generations to come may, discovering `` My companion now stood in... 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Much of his youth, he journeyed to Jeddah, back to on..., returning to duty in Bombay learning falconry and fencing Full of DETAILS about the existence a. Sir Burton, `` Burton now regarded the seven years in India, Burton was impaled with a girl! Isabel Lady Burton and generally speaking, preferred the former to the Source of the Arabian Nights Entertainments by Burton... Position by David Livingstone, I … death of Sir Richard Burton by Thomas Wright, DETAILS: 2. Details: ( 2 vols. by Kettelwell came of the first Afghan war but... Already passed the official examinations in six languages and was eminently qualified. one count, he is to! Vols. published scandalous Chief of staff for `` Beatson 's Horse '', damaging his reputation - )! Burton had long had an interest in sex and sexuality 's Horse '', called... January 1855 Stroyan stayed on at Berbera the examiner was Robert Lambert Playfair, who disliked Burton ). Learning falconry and fencing Nights and a Night, vol 3 Empire, even the...

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