The prevalence of disability was 6.8 (95 % CI: 5.9, 7.9) and 13.6 % (95 % CI: 11.4, 16.2) in Quezon City and Ligao City respectively. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of disability and compare the well-being and access to the community between people with and without disabilities. Article  Vaughan C, Zayas J, Devine A, Gill-Atkinson L, Marella M, Garcia J, et al. A thesis statement in an essay is a sentence that explicitly identifies the purpose of the paper or previews its main ideas. The study recommended a set of immediate measures to eliminate barriers to participation and for the economic empowerment of people with disabilities. Quisumbing AR, McNiven S. Migration and the Rural–urban Continuum: Evidence from the Rural Philippines. Particularly, it was conducted in partnership with disabled people’s organizations and people with disabilities were part of the data collection team in both sites. persons. Philippines Statistics Authority. There is a need for promoting counseling services and other support programs for people with psychosocial disability but also for those with other types of disability. There are several community-based rehabilitation programs in the Philippines and scaling up these programs to consider the needs of older people with disabilities would benefit communities with aging populations. The major barriers reported under each domain were similar among people with and without disabilities (Table 5). 60 clusters of 50 people aged 18 years and older were selected with probability proportion to size sampling from both locations. The well-being section includes items such as good health, making friends, being safe in daily life, and taking care of one’s self, where the frequency of experiencing the situation was reported on a 4-point Likert scale ranging from ‘never’ to ‘all of the time.’ The last section on access to the community is comprised of domains related to health, education, work, social, legal, religious, rehabilitation, and other services. Marella M, Huq NL, Devine A, Baker S, Quaiyum MA, Keeffe JE. Asset index was used as a proxy indicator for wealth status using principal components analysis on the data from the household questionnaire [16]. In Ligao City, seeing (4.9, 95 % CI: 3.4, 6.9), concentrating (4.2, 95 % CI: 2.8, 6.1), and remembering (3.7 %, 95 % CI: 2.5, 5.5) were the most commonly reported functional limitations. Although this survey had a good response rate, the majority of non-responders, particularly in Quezon City, were men either because they were away for work or because they did not want to participate in the survey. Challenges faced by teachers when teaching learners with developmental disability is the topic for this thesis. View Disability Studies Research Papers on Academia.edu for free. Persons with Disabilities (PWDs) in the Phils. Disability and poverty in developing countries: a multidimensional study. Disability is also associated with lower well-being and reduced participation across a number of domains of community life. Broken Framing: An Assessment on the News Coverage of Disabilities by the Philippine Daily Inquirer and the Philippine Star from 2010 – 2012, Unpublished Undergraduate Thesis, University of the Philippines College of Mass Communication. 2013;24(3):37–60. Disability prevalence among adults: estimates for 54 countries and progress toward a global estimate. disability are improving in Ireland and worldwide. 1). This thesis focuses on service utilisation among children with mild ID and their families, their needs for support and their experiences of support . Manjula Marella. 2013. https://psa.gov.ph/content/persons-disability-philippines-results-2010-census. 2 0 obj This RAD survey has estimated the prevalence of disability at 6.8 (95 % CI: 5.9, 7.9) in Quezon City and 13.6 % (95 % CI: 11.4, 16.2) in Ligao City. We would like to particularly thank Sally Baker for her support with training of the fieldwork team; Mona Pindog, Raquel Ignacio, and Judith Marbella and data collectors who undertook fieldwork in often difficult conditions in some of the communities; and the data entry staff and translators of the questionnaires. Confidence intervals (CI) for prevalence estimates and regression odds ratios were calculated with adjustment for clustering effects in the study design using the generalized estimating equation approach. 2010). Funding has also been provided by the UNFPA Philippines Country Office. (Begin the abstract here, typewritten and double-spaced. All authors contributed to the writing of the manuscript’s final version. The individual questionnaire comprises four sections: 1) demographics, 2) self-assessment of functioning, 3) well-being, and 4) access to the community. People with disabilities also experienced significant participation restrictions compared to people without disability. Nations U. In todays society people with disablities have to overcome many obstacles in their lives that their disability brings them in which they ( … Population Health Metrics <> A page and one-half is approximately 350 words.) 11 0 obj In line with Article 31 of the CRPD, which charges State Parties to collect data on disability to inform disability-inclusive policies [11], the SDGs will include targets for collecting data specific to disability. Privacy This survey found that people with disabilities in the sample have poorer well-being and reduced access to services related to health, work, rehabilitation, education, government social welfare, and disaster management than people without disability. A household was defined as a group of people who lived together, pooled their money, and ate at least one meal together each day. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2011. %���� Literature Review on Attitudes towards Disability 55 1 Introduction. 2014;14:1. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-14-900. Data will be made available upon request when the project has been finalized. People with disabilities essay. By using this website, you agree to our Age and sex adjusted prevalence of functional limitation was 6.8 (95 % CI: 5.9, 7.9) and 13.6 % (95 % CI: 11.4, 16.2) in Quezon City and Ligao City respectively. Cases and controls were similar in age, sex, types of occupation, marital status, location, and socioeconomic status (Table 3). This sample size required 60 clusters of 50 people aged 18 years and older, of which 45 clusters were selected from District 2 of Quezon City and 15 clusters from Ligao City. Comparing participation of people with disabilities with their age- and sex-matched controls is also important to inform future policies and programs in the study sites. Disability is also associated with reduced participation across a number of domains of community life. Disabil Rehabil. Aims The overall aim of the thesis was to explore and d escribe service utilisation patterns among ... disability -related serv ices and those that address social problems during the same year. 7 0 obj Supervised field practice sessions were conducted as part of the training. People with disabilities generally had lower access to all domains in the community compared to people without disability. The resulting measures showed adequate psychometric properties and therefore the Rasch scores were used in subsequent analyses. The demographic section includes items related to age, gender, ethnicity, religion, marital status, education, occupation, health conditions, and information on any assistive devices used. In the Philippines, alcohol plays a large role in criminal activities and violence. The levels of well-being and access to the community for people with disabilities were compared with controls matched by age, gender, and cluster. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. Mitra S, Posarac A, Vick B. A person with a cognitive disability has greater difficulty with one or more types of mental tasks than the average person. The Philippines The Philippines is an archipelago consisting of 7,100 islands in the Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. Rapid assessment of disability in the Philippines: understanding prevalence, well-being, and access to the community for people with disabilities to inform the W-DARE project. The Women with Disability taking Action on Reproductive and sexual health project (referred to hereafter as W-DARE), is a three-year participatory action research project [6]. © 2021 BioMed Central Ltd unless otherwise stated. xv Chapter 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND Introduction The Person with Disability or most commonly called as PWD is a minority group of individuals who experience oppression by means of physical and/or psychological abnormalities that they have received either from heredity or at birth. endobj A disability is a condition that causes a person to be considered disabled. One segment from each cluster was randomly selected by drawing lots. Similar to their study, this survey also found that people with disabilities were deprived of access to these services compared to their age- and sex-matched controls. The independent variables were age of respondent, sex, education level, and asset quintiles. Employment of persons with disabilities (PWDs) in the Philippines: The case of Metro Manila and Rosario, Batangas Christian D. Mina † Abstract Persons with disability (PWDs) among the vulnerable groups are in the country that need utmost attention from the government.This is the perhaps the reason why the institutional 2014;36(11):940–7. 2011;11 Suppl 4:S4. Disability, CBR & Inclusive Development. Manila: Katipunan ng Maykapansanan sa Pilipinas, Inc. (KAMPI) and Disability Rights Promotion International (DRPI); 2009. After surviving a fall from a tower in season one, Bran ended up as a paraplegic who had to rely on Hodor, a strong but gentle stablehand with an intellectual disability. Persons with disability (PWDs) are among the vulnerable groups in the country that need utmost attention from the government. Lack of information and cost were the most commonly reported barrier for the majority of the domains. endobj Prevalence and correlates of disability in Bogra district of Bangladesh using the Rapid Assessment of Disability survey. Information on barriers to accessing the community was also collected. Marella M, Busija L, Islam A, Devine A, Fotis K, Baker S, et al. 2015;15(1):984. World Health Organization. However, RAD also identifies respondents with psychological distress [5]. Each item asks the participants to report the frequency of difficulty in functioning because of a health problem in the last 6 months even when using assistive devices available to them (e.g., seeing even if wearing glasses). x�mYK�]7��θ����2��tz�=H�?�*�:W/π��кE�E察?��?�������Gk�}�(���?��ӥ�-���k���Vv�a��g����a�=��eH�*�l�2V����s�'�D�iE�ögM��]�������'�J���ie��X[���S�w���Y?�et9��=Z��kh��^d�u[���Zi���X}t�-��m�gWx�à�l�8s��ϞeJx�fYX!��8��b��Z���W�Vf�=��'V���{���XG�r��F7�_�f�I����S~�Zj{L~�/V�c���{�*: ��Q�>�5�"k���>�ݯ���n�~�f ��M���"�a��A='�k��=.��ؔWsOu�cg��u���eM�SJ���V��^�[3 �~x��. However, having a disability and negative family attitudes were reported as barriers for people with disabilities participating in work, community meetings, religious activities, and social activities suggesting stigma associated with disability in these communities. Field-testing of the rapid assessment of disability questionnaire. J Human Dev Capabilities. For ease of interpretation the scores were rescaled to range from 0 to 100, where a high score represented better well-being. Twenty years of non-communicable diseases (NCD) prevention and control in the Philippines (1986–2006). In both locations the prevalence of disability was significantly higher among those with no schooling. However, learners are in this study constrict to children at primary school. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated. While psychological distress was not commonly identified in isolation, it was the most commonly reported difficulty in both locations. UN DESA. The prevalence of disability among adults in District 2 of Quezon City and in Ligao City is higher than the estimated national prevalence of disability derived from the 2010 Philippines census. Physical difficulties related to using hands and fingers and mobility were the most commonly reported in 55 years and over age group in Quezon City. Access to health care, reproductive health and disability: a large scale survey in Sierra Leone. The survey was validated in Bangladesh and Fiji [15]. This study has also generated considerable context-specific data, which the W-DARE project have used to inform the design of interventions to increase access to specific domains of community life for people with disabilities in Quezon City and Ligao City. 2015. Statistical analyses were performed using PASW Statistics 18 (PASW Statistics for Windows, SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL). The well-being scores were significantly lower for people with disabilities (mean ± SD: 57.3 ± 14.6) compared to people without disability (mean ± SD: 66.1 ± 14.1), p < 0.001. Springer Nature. Although the RAD survey focused only on psychological distress related to anxiety and depression, findings from this survey highlight that a large proportion of people with other types of disability experience psychological distress. People with disabilities face all forms of discrimination and exclusion from the social, cultural, political, and economic life of their communities [1]. There are numerous and wide-ranging estimates of the prevalence of disability in the Philippines, ranging from 1.6 as estimated in the 2010 Census of Population and Housing [10], to 28.2 % according to the World Report on Disability [1]. In Ligao City, a total of 823 people were enumerated, of whom 765 (93.0 %) participated in the survey and 58 (7.0 %) were either unavailable or declined to participate in the study. For every five PWD, one (18.9 percent) was aged 0 to 14 years, three (59.0 percent) were in the working age group (aged 15 to 64 years), and one (22.1 percent) was aged 65 years and over. In line with the participatory action research approach, the findings from each phase informed the design and activities of the subsequent phase. We anticipate that, in the context of the Philippines, most people working outside the home would not have moderate or severe disability. Each eligible member of the household was administered the ‘demographics’ and ‘self-assessment of functioning’ sections of the RAD. International recognition that people with disabilities were excluded from the Millennium Development Goals has led to better inclusion of people with disabilities in the development of the recently agreed Global Goals for Sustainable Development (SDGs) 2015–2030, with disability explicitly mentioned in 5 of the 17 goals, particularly Target 17, which focuses on disability data disaggregation [13]. Key Words: Persons with disabilities, PWDs, Philippine Star, Philippine Daily Inquirer View Thesis PubMed  Google Scholar. This is perhaps the reason why the institutional and legal environment has been made favorable to this particular group, especially in the area of employment. The prevalence of psychological distress alone (i.e., after excluding co-morbid functional limitations) was 0.9 (95 % CI: 0.5, 1.3) in Quezon City and 1.3 % (95 % CI: 0.6, 2.4) in Ligao City. Terms and Conditions, The State shall take into consideration the special requirements of disabled persons in the formulation of educational policies and programs. The clusters were selected with probability‐proportionate to size, separately for District 2 of Quezon City and Ligao City, using the updated data from the 2010 Census of Population and Housing [7] as the sampling frame. In this survey, the sample from Quezon City was younger and had higher levels of education compared to the sample in Ligao City. disability can also be defined as any form of impairment that negatively affects the ability of a person to function by and large. It may also be referred to as reading disability or reading disorder. Psychometrika. In many contexts, people with disabilities are more likely to experience poverty, yet are often not appropriately considered or included in development programs [2–5]. Danquah L, Polack S, Brus A, Mactaggart I, Houdon CP, Senia P, et al. disability, i.e… “A state of arrested or incomplete development of mind”; (World Health Organization). <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 720 540] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> This thesis is wholeheartedly dedicated to my family in the Philippines – Papa Polo, Mama Bebette, Manong Tonton, AJ, and Lynlyn – and to the Persons with Disabilities sector on the planet who still struggles to access quality and inclusive education. These factors contribute to Filipino-American perspectives on disability and rehabilitation. This study did not include children because the focus of W-DARE is adults and particularly women. Measuring disability and monitoring the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities: the work of the Washington Group on Disability Statistics. Andrich rating scale model was used with Winsteps (Ver 3.80) to perform Rasch analysis [17]. PubMed Central  2012. https://psa.gov.ph/content/age-and-sex-structure-philippine-population-facts-2010-census. Information on the level of participation and the impact of social and environmental factors on a person’s functioning are important for both the planning and monitoring of disability-inclusive policies and programs in the Philippines. CAS  9 0 obj Geneva: United Nations; 2006. In the contemporary times the phenomena does not only refer to the above mentioned but also the study has confirmed that disability has more to … 2015;15. doi:10.1186/s12889-015-2202-7. Households within clusters were selected through compact segment sampling where each cluster was divided into clearly demarcated segments of equal population of about 50 people aged 18 years and above. endstream Philippines 1987 National Constitution (present) Article 3: Bill of Rights – Section 3: “No person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law, nor shall any person be denied the equal protection of the laws.” – Section 6: “No torture, force, violence, threat, intimidation, or Evidence from Afghanistan and Zambia. PubMed  World report on disability. Disability indicators for the SDG framework. endobj The difference persisted after adjusting for age and sex. 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