Dependence on one source of income makes households vulnerable to shock and stress that could potentially affect their lives and difficulties in surviving of life. is article is available at DigitalCommons@ILR: A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets, and activi-, ties required for a means of living. contribution of mopane worm harvesting to rural livelihoods, and the effects of The vulnerability context includes, • shocks,e.g.,conict,illnesses,oods,storms,droughts,pests,diseases, • seasonalities,e.g.,prices,andemploymentopportunities. One has a narrower economic focus on production, Urban communities have to change their behaviour and attitudes, be willing to accept change, Sustainable rural livelihoods: A framework for analysis Figure 2. environmentally sustainable growth, and regional integration. 0 forms of environmental change which have significantly affected mopane worm availability and outbreak events. 0000009122 00000 n It organizes the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood opportunities, and shows how they relate. The implications of the findings relate to improving coastal governance and as well as the need to reduce illegal fishing practises. 0000000016 00000 n The sustainable livelihoods approach is a holistic approach that tries to capture, and provide a means of understanding, the fundamental causes and dimensions of poverty without collapsing the focus onto just a few factors (e.g. 0000007518 00000 n ADB, based in Manila, is dedicated to reducing poverty in the. In southern Africa, mopane worms are widely harvested for Within the context of the sustainable livelihoods framework, the following findings were In this paper, we propose a latent class multivariate trajectory model, which is applied to 31 European countries by considering a set of economic, environmental and social indicators in the period 2000-2016. Partial budget analysis of their farms was done by comparing changes in average monthly profits (from milk) and feeding costs/cow for the first 6 months and last 6 months of the intervention. The sustainable livelihoods approach improves understanding of the livelihoods of the poor. the attainment of sustainable livelihood. If fisherfolk in sub-Saharan Africa are not sufficiently heard and empowered, drastic measures such as closed seasons are not likely to be effective. Farms were visited every 1-2 months during the trial to collect data on milk production and feeding practices during the previous day. Empirical field research employing the framework discussed in this paper is currently underway in Bangladesh, Ethiopia and Mali (with also some work in Zimbabwe). environmental change on mopane worm harvesting in rural households in order to 42 41 It helps formulate development activities that are. It is deemed sustainable, when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks, and maintain or enhance its capabilities, assets, and activities, both now and in the future, while not undermining the natural, The sustainable livelihoods approach is a way of thinking, about the objectives, scope, and priorities for development, activities. Survey method using questionnaire instrument was conducted for this study. e capture and storage. Muyambo, F, 2017;Yasar, 2016;KESEDAR, 2013, Mustaffa Omar et al, 2012, ... Key livelihood assets were combined and categorised as resources, or capitals; subsequently these are discussed in a 'coping behaviour' context (section 4.2). 0000001491 00000 n grant projects, and technical assistance amounting to $243 million. People’s livelihoods and the wider availability of assets are fundamentally affected by critical trends as well as by shocks andseasonality – over which they have limited or no control. the “landscape approach”—seeing the need to look beyond individual stands to the larger landscapes in terms of sustainable management, planning, ecosystem services, etc. Asian Development Bank (oserrat@adb.org). The research was conducted in the villages of Bokmakierie, Matiyani, Ha Gumbu, Masisi, The Sustainable Livelihood Program (SLP) of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) provides identified poor and vulnerable families and individuals the appropriate income-generating opportunities to help improve ... be able to find the most appropriate approach to implementation to achieve program goals. The sustainable livelihood framework appreciates the contexts and relationships that exist and thus influence and shape communities and households. respondents and key informants were identified through snowball sampling techniques. The findings of this study indicated that the historical value placed on mopane worms as a food source and trading commodity has been passed down for generations. While there is a degree of spontaneous adaptation occurring, these problems are insurmountable without solving present challenges in Kiribati, such as access to better technology and markets without becoming over-reliant. Source: Department for International Development of the United Kingdom. One need not yield to pessimism: identifiable trends point to a promising future. The SLA is inherently associated with poverty reduction measures and environmental management [51,52]. e.g., land and produce, water and aquatic resources, trees and forest products, wildlife, e.g., infrastructure (transport, roads, vehicles, secure shelter and buildings, water supply. The humandignity,betweenwhichtheremayagainalsobeconict. 0000007869 00000 n CARE’s Livelihood Model Figure 4. For centuries, nontimber forest products have been key aspects of household diets throughout the world. 0000005586 00000 n Agroforestry, using C. calothyrsus and S. sesban shrubs can improve household livelihoods if adopted by SDFs in Kenya. 0000006223 00000 n economic issues, food security, etc.). Box: Sustainable Livelihoods Frameworks—Strengths and W, Seeks to understand changing combinations of modes of, livelihood in a dynamic and historical context. In 2007, it approved $10.1 billion of loans, $673 million of. The ‘Sustainable Livelihoods Approach’ (SLA) concept and framework adopted by DFID in the late 1990s (building on work by IDS, IISD, Oxfam and others) have been adapted by different organizations to suit a variety of contexts, issues, priorities and applications. Households suffer poverty and are not easily able to access financial resources. There has been a global increase in greenhouse gases due to anthropogenic activities such as deforestation and urbanisation. current significance and contribution of mopane worm harvesting and trading to rural © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. V, external side of shocks, seassonalities, and critical trends; and an internal side of defenselessness caused by lack, of ability and means to cope with these. Its existence underlines the need to give choice and opportunities to the poor and build their ability to. The significance of mopane worms in the study area is three-fold: it is an important source of food, it is a valuable trading commodity, and it is an intrinsic part of local cultural practices. 0000012458 00000 n The study found that the solar water heaters had a variety of socio-economic impacts such as providing additional monetary savings that could be used towards livelihood strategies and benefits allowing households to spend more time on productive activities. The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach (SLA) concept and framework adopted by DFID in the late 1990s (building on work by IDS, IISD, Oxfam and others) have been adapted by different organisations to suit a variety of contexts, issues, priorities and applications. In addition, it tries to sketch out the sustainable livelihoods approach, and also how future transport research might adopt and integrate the ideas embedded in SRL. Specific objectives were to determine the data and included semi-structured household and key informant interviews. 3.1 The Household Livelihood Approach 8 3.2 Livelihood Assets 10 3.3 Livelihood Activities 11 3.4 The Vulnerability Context 11 3.5 Food First vs Sustainable Livelihood Approach 17 3.6 Intra-Household Issues with Livelihoods 17 4. However, it makes the connection between, strategies. Use of the sustainable livelihoods concept in development studies The concept of sustainable livelihoods can be usefully applied in development studies, given that it contributes to understanding individuals’ livelihoods and has mainly been utilized for poverty … Pro-poor livelihoods: addressing the market/private sector gap. 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