The name change was part of a wider movement to do away with the anglicised version of city names that were allocated by the British while they were in charge. At this time, for example, Travancore-Cochin was renamed Kerala. "Unconsciousness was forced upon us; we were chained. The most notable exceptions are Indian English spelling-changes of Orissa to Odisha (March 2011)[1] and the union territory of Pondicherry (which includes the city of Pondicherry) to Puducherry. India has various local languages. This is one thing I don't understand at all. . I can quote Shelley," says the former Maoist guerrilla. When it is called Calcutta, it includes the suburbs.This makes it the third largest city of India. Kolkata (West Bengal) [India], September 8 (ANI): The Calcutta High Court on Tuesday sought the response of the Central government on public interest litigation (PIL) against the decision to change the name of Calcutta Port Trust to Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port Trust. But is it ... Calcutta? It is on the east bank of the River Hooghly. --(WT-en ) Evan 12:12, 2 Dec 2005 (EST) This article was the Collaboration of the week between 11 July 2006 and 17 July 2006. But the decision has not met with approval from all quarters. Yet, here we are again going back to the roots with the 16th-century old Kalikatta. The bill also proposes to change the name of IIM Calcutta to IIM Kolkata. Kolkata (spelled Calcutta before 1 January 2001) is the capital city of the Indian state of West Bengal.It is the second largest city in India after Mumbai. When I moved from California to Calcutta in 2011, I would joke that I had merely exchanged one Cal for another. I notice that Evan's reasons for not changing the name used in Wikitravel from Calcutta to Kolkata were given in Feb 2004 - almost two years ago. Last week the Calcutta High Court refused bail to a Hindi-speaking computer programmer charged with setting up a website dedicated to anti-Bengali and anti-communist slurs. It is on the east bank of the River Hooghly. Get information on Kolkata (Calcutta) Travel Guide - Expert Picks for your Vacation hotels, restaurants, entertainment, shopping, sightseeing, and activities. Goodbye to the city of dreadful night, and the black hole of Calcutta. These changes did not generate significant controversy. Especially in Calcutta, which barely existed before the Raj. To the point, a few examples are Quilandy vs. Koyilandy, Canannore vs. Kannur, and Rangiya vs. Rangia. Tipu Sultan Mosque at the corner of Chowringhee Road and Dharmatala, was built in 1842, by Prince Gholam Mohammad, a son of Tipu Sultan. Aside from changes to the official English spellings of local names there have also been renaming proposals to realign the official name, hence the English name with an alternative local name. The are a number of reasons why Calcutta changed its name to Kolkata. Kolkata City Of Joy: Beautiful Bengal Moist weather, fish curries, agarbatti aromas, sweet mishtis…art, culture, history and dance all are in one land Bengal. "We want to know our past. Calcutta HC seeks centre response on plea to rename Kolkata Port Trust Kolkata: The Calcutta High Court on Tuesday sought the response of the Central government on public interest litigation (PIL) against the decision to change the name of Calcutta Port Trust to Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port Trust. And what's the difference? The confusion inherent in such variations has often res… [4] Since independence, such changes have typically been enacted officially by legislation at local or national Indian government level, and may or may not then be adopted by the Indian media, particularly the influential Indian press. Even (Romanised) English spellings in long and wide use often vary depending upon which government department or agency uses them. In the year 2003, High Court in Calcutta ruled out Job Charnock -- widely held to have founded Calcutta with the British East India Company in 1690 -- and announced that his name should be struck from school textbooks, official documents, and websites. However, Calcutta had always been pronounced Kolkata by Bengali speakers. Experts fear the move will not only erode the IIM-C brand value, but also confuse applicants and employers since IIM Kozhikode is also popularly known as IIM-K. Calcutta - Kolkata debate . Firstly, the city has always been pronounced Kolkata by the Bengalis. It didn't really affect us much. But the British called it Calcutta. To stand shorn of the colonial legacy is not that simple.". This makes it the third largest city of India. "The Government of India have, after careful consideration, accepted the proposal of the State Government of West Bengal to change the name of the city of 'Calcutta' to 'Kolkata'," an official release said. Kolkata - Kolkata - Capital of British India: Calcutta did not become the capital of British India until 1772, when the first governor-general, Warren Hastings, transferred all important offices to the city from Murshidabad, the provincial Mughal capital. West Bengal the state of Bengalis in India is rich in art, food, and culture. Calcutta HC judges 'No' to change in name to Kolkata HC Mobile helping farmers get compensation for wildlife conflict Why keeping Vaccination Card up-to-date is … The bill also proposes to change the name of IIM Calcutta to IIM Kolkata. "The Ministry has not yet reverted back on the issue," a senior high court official said here today. Haris … In 2001 the government of West Bengal decided to officially change its capital city's name to Kolkata to reflect its original Bengali pronunciation. India has various local languages. In 2001, India’s ‘Cultural Capital’ Calcutta was renamed Kolkata “in order to match Bengali pronunciation”. According to some, 'Kalikata' is derived from the Bengali word Kalikshetra, which means Ground of Kali (the goddess) I tried to avoid changing "Kolkata" to "Calcutta" in proper names. Kolkata was always called Kolkata in Bengali — derived from the name of one of the three villages said to have become the modern city of Kolkata. It is the second largest city in India after Mumbai. (The full text of the announcement reads: "The Government of India have, after careful consideration, accepted the proposal of the State Government of West Bengal to change the name of the city of 'Calcutta' to 'Kolkatta'(sic)." On June 20 1756, on the last night before the monsoon, 43 of the 64 British prisoners locked in a room at Fort William by the young nawab of Bengal, Siraj-ud-Daula, died of heat prostration, and another legend was born: the black hole of Calcutta. Each had to be approved by the central government in New Delhi. However, a change in English may sometimes also be a reflection of changes in other Indian languages other than the specific local one. And Calcutta became Kolkata. Finally, in 2001, it was changed to Kolkata. Read the … Firmly believing in the adage "the more the merrier," the state will be called Bangla in Bengali, Bengal in English and Bangal in Hindi. For example, the change of Madras (Tamil: மதராஸ் Madras) to Chennai (Tamil: சென்னை Chennai) was reflected in many of India's languages, and incidentally in English, while the Tamil endonym had always been Chennai and remained unaffected by the change. • The southern state of Kerala led the way in changing place names to remove the colonial influence. More recent and high-profile changes – including renaming such major cities as Calcutta to Kolkata – have generated greater controversy. Such changes in English spelling may be in order to better reflect a more accurate phonetic transliteration of the local name, or may be for other reasons. In 1690, Job Charnok, an agent of the East India Company chose this place for a British trade settlement. In the post-colonial era, several Indian states' names were changed. Get information on Kolkata (Calcutta) Travel Guide - Expert Picks for your Vacation hotels, restaurants, entertainment, shopping, sightseeing, and activities. Still, it was not bad. Kolkata Isn't Just The City Of Mother Teresa In 2001 the government of West Bengal decided to officially change its capital city's name to Kolkata to reflect its original Bengali … Calcutta's sorry image of a city of beggars and heartbreak would stick. It was not technically true. On July 5, … An example of this is the renaming of predominantly Hindi-speaking Uttaranchal (Hindi: उत्तराञ्चल) to a new local Hindi name (Hindi: उत्तराखण्ड Uttarakhand). Internet was fast enough for research … … I suppose that’s what diesel fumes can do to daylight, and to memory. Different departments of the government may have used official spellings in use at the time, while locations associated with Indian railways mostly maintained British-era spellings. During partition back then Bengal was divided into two parts, one was East Bengal while the […] Calcutta to Kolkata. Film-maker Mrinal Sen, who is revered as a cultural icon in Calcutta, said: "They say this is how we can get rid of the colonial legacy. [6], Official name changes take place quickly if not immediately in official government sources. Similarly, Calcutta was the anglicised name of Kolkata. These can be represented as a change from Urdu language to Hindi language, but since the two languages are variants of Hindustani the proposal is effectively a cultural and ethno-religious proposal rather than a linguistic one. Here are some of the most popular theories regarding the origins of the name of India’s City of Joys. He was commander of the British forces during the 1857 Indian mutiny. Kolkata (spelled Calcutta before 1 January 2001) is the capital city of the Indian state of West Bengal. The name of the place was first Mandav Nagar and then corrupted into Mandi. Post-independence, the name Calcutta carried on till 2000 until the resolution was passed. Realignment of the official Indian English name to an alternative local name, India and the World Bank: The Politics of Aid and Influence - Page 126 Jason A. Kirk - 2011 "Orissa (Note: This state was officially renamed Odisha in March 2011)", Cosmopolitanism - Page 73 Carol A. Breckenridge, Sheldon Pollock, Homi K. Bhabha - 2002 "In one sense, the decision to officialise the name, Calcutta: A Cultural and Literary History - Page 3 Krishna Dutta - 2003 "nationalist stance, like Bombay, which changed its name to Mumbai, or Madras, which has become the unrecognisable Chennai, Calcutta has preferred a comparatively minor name change, which frankly is a bit of a multicultural mishmash. Some of these changes coincided with the States Reorganisation Act of 1956, a major reform of the boundaries of India's states and territories that organised them along linguistic lines. Some discern the name as a reference to dharma, one of the units of the Buddhist Trinity. I was enchanted. The closest rendering in spoken Bengali sounded more like Koli-kata. Representative image . I am curretly in Kolkata/Calcutta and can categorically state that the title Calcutta is obslete here. Kolkata was always called Kolkata in Bengali — derived from the name of one of the three villages said to have become the modern city of Kolkata. The reason for this change was that in two of the local languages, Marathi and Gujarati, the city has long been called Mumbai. I notice that Evan's reasons for not changing the name used in Wikivoyage from Calcutta to Kolkata were given in Feb 2004 - almost two years ago. Town names that derive from ancient names: Several other changes have been proposed for states and towns. I am curretly in Kolkata/Calcutta and can categorically state that the title Calcutta is obslete here. W hen I remember Calcutta – as the residents of Kolkata still call their city, despite its official name change – it appears before my mind’s eye in sepia tones, muted and mild, as if everything were seen through a thick particulate haze. In general, changes to the local names of cities in the indigenous languages are less common. The city's name was always pronounced "Kolkata" in the local Bengali language but the official English name was only changed from Calcutta to Kolkata in 2001. Kolkata, Bengali Kalikata, formerly Calcutta, city, capital of West Bengal state, and former capital (1772–1911) of British India.It is one of India’s largest cities and one of its major ports. The advertisement of purveyors D. Wilson and Company (David Wilson & Company) - owners of Asia, India and Kolkata’s longest surviving hotel - The Great Eastern Hotel - communicated that its ‘Hall of All Nations’ had a plentiful stocks of Christmas fare – turkey, ham, beef, and a wide variety of cakes, sweets and biscuits.‘Hall of All Nations’ was actually a large … Notable city names that were officially changed by legislation after independence include: For others, by state order, see list of renamed Indian cities and states. It was also felt that the anglicised version was simply outdated, as the country has been free from colonial rule for more than half a century. In 2001 the government of West Bengal decided to officially change its capital city's name to Kolkata to reflect its original Bengali pronunciation. Kolkata was officially called Calcutta until 2001. The change was finally approved on December 23, 2000 15 and ended up being more drastic than anticipated. The country's culture hub, Calcutta or 'Cal' adopted its Bengali name Kolkata officially in 2001. Since 1760, the street has seen several name changes as Calcutta consistently swelled and developed into a larger metropolis. The city so redolent of the Raj has tossed away the stain of its imperial past along with its name (it hopes), and from next month will be known by its Bengali equivalent: Kolkata. Kolkata: Calcutta High Court judges have rejected the Centre's decision to change the name of their place of work to Kolkata High Court. Thus Calcutta became the third Indian metropolis … But the British called it Calcutta. I just made this change. In 1957, the West Bengal government ordered the removal of the bronze statue of Gen. James Outram, a landmark in Calcutta. These two proposals are changes from the historically Mughal name to a Hindu native name. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport (IATA: CCU, ICAO: VECC) is an international airport located in Dum Dum, West Bengal, India, serving the Kolkata metropolitan area.It is located approximately 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from the city centre. How do you do that? I suppose that’s what diesel fumes can do to daylight, and to memory. Only the high court retains the old name today, The fomer capital of British India is the latest city to cast off its imperial past by changing its title. A recent report from the Calcutta Metropolitan Development Authority says ethnic Bengalis now account for only 57% of the city's inhabitants, and that has generated concern among the self-appointed guardians of the local culture and language. Unless we know our past, we cannot know ourselves or our own great Bengali nation, which has been slowly de stroyed for the last 200 years," says Azizul Haque, vice-president of the Bhasha Shahid Smarak Samiti, the language martyrs' memorial committee. W hen I remember Calcutta – as the residents of Kolkata still call their city, despite its official name change – it appears before my mind’s eye in sepia tones, muted and mild, as if everything were seen through a thick particulate haze. In 1773 Bombay (now Mumbai) and Madras (now Chennai) became subordinate to the government at Fort William. The change will occur on August 24, Calcutta's 390th birthday. Slowly, Kalikatta expanded under East India Company and was named in Calcutta. Celebrations in Kolkata have come under the scanner of the Calcutta high court, even as some major cities in India have put restrictions to control the crowd on the night of … Or Kolkata? An example is the change from English "Calcutta" to English "Kolkata" – the local Bengali name (কলকাতা Kôlkata) did not change. The renaming of cities is often specifically from English to Indian English in connection with that dialect's internal reforms. The name was changed by an act of the Indian parliament in 1997. Kolkata (West Bengal) [India], September 8 (ANI): The Calcutta High Court on Tuesday sought the response of the Central government on public interest litigation (PIL) against the decision to change the name of Calcutta Port Trust to Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port Trust. We want to face up to the chains. The juxtaposition of old and new, rich and poor, high-end retail and street fare was something to see. In 2001 the government of West Bengal decided to officially change its capital city's name to Kolkata to reflect its original Bengali pronunciation. We were used to calling it Kolkata in Bengali and Calcutta in English, and we switched between both names with as much fluency as we switched between those two languages. The plea sought directions to authorities concerned to cancel the notification, if any, whereby Kolkata Port Trust has been renamed and, in case, there is a change of name… Even (Romanised) English spellings in long and wide use often vary depending upon which government department or agency uses them. In order to see this embed, you must give consent to Social Media cookies. If that is the case, then Evan's argument still stands. Well, for all those need a little brush-up, let us tell you about the origin of Kolkata as briefly as possible. No one expected a sudden change this soon. The renaming of states and territories in India has also taken place, but until the 2010s with actual substantial name changes in both local language and in English such as the old British state name of Travancore-Cochin to Kerala (1956). Thus Calcutta became the third Indian metropolis to get a new name. The renaming of cities in India started in 1947 following the end of the British imperial period. There are also plans to change other anglicised place names. Calcutta HC seeks centre response on plea to rename Kolkata Port Trust Kolkata: The Calcutta High Court on Tuesday sought the response of the Central government on public interest litigation (PIL) against the decision to change the name of Calcutta Port Trust to Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port Trust. Other changes were only changes in some of the indigenous languages. The news says that Kolkata – the city of Joy is changing the name again. When I moved from California to Calcutta in 2011, I would joke that I had merely exchanged one Cal for another. Calcutta, the When it is called Calcutta, it includes the suburbs. Bioy Ghosh feels that the name Dharmatala is because of the preeminence of Dharmathakur in olden days. Representative image . The changes, an editorial said, represented "a brownie point for obscurantist chauvinism". To the point, a few examples are Quilandy vs. Koyilandy, Canannore vs. Kannur, and Rangiya vs. Rangia. Ethnically sensitive examples include the proposals by the Bharatiya Janata Party (1990, 2001) to rename Ahmedabad to Karnavati[5] and Allahabad to Prayagraj, the latter finally being officially adopted in 2018. The city’s former name, Calcutta, is an Anglicized version of the Bengali name Kalikata. Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta in English, is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal and is located in eastern India on the east bank of the River Hooghly.The city was a colonial city developed by the British East India Company and then by the British Empire. It was not technically true. Calcutta's new name reflects its Bengali history The Indian Government has backed plans for the city of Calcutta to be readopt its pre-colonial Bengali name - Kolkata. In 1773 Bombay (now Mumbai) and Madras (now Chennai) became subordinate to the government at Fort William. There was a Buddhist temple at Janbazar, nearby. It didn't really affect us much. Late on Tuesday, riding a wave of sentiment that has been percolating for months among native Bengali-speakers, the West Bengal state legislature voted unanimously to cast off the old name. This also makes it the world's 8th largest metropolitan area as defined by the United … The confusion inherent in such variations has often resulted in serious consequences like people having two "different" addresses (theoretically designating the same place) in their official records leading to legal disputes, or one house having residents of different house addresses due to differing place names. In Kolkata January 14-27 2020, staying within 10 blocks of the Park Street area. Hati means elephant, bagan means garden. Calcutta's new name reflects its Bengali history The Indian Government has backed plans for the city of Calcutta to be readopt its pre-colonial Bengali name - … Different departments of the government may have used official spellings in use at the time, while locations associated with Indian railways mostly maintained British-era spellings. Best Kolkata (Calcutta) B&Bs on Tripadvisor: Find 2,202 traveler reviews, 1,878 candid photos, and prices for 465 bed and breakfasts in Kolkata (Calcutta), India. Trivandrum, the state capital, became Thiruvanthapuram and Calicut became Kozhikode, which was its name when Vasco da Gama sighted the land in 1498, • The southern city of Madras reverted to Chennai , its name when the British East India Company established a trading post there in 1639, • When Bombay became Mumbai in 1996, the state threatened to prosecute any business that did not change its signs. Mumbai is in the honour of Mumbra Devi whereas Kolkata was always pronounced such in Bengali. Many people argue that such confusion can lead to indeterminate and/or unintended consequences.[2]. A few months ago, the state government introduced the use of Bengali for official work and is to begin phasing out English. According to one view, the elephants of the Nawab Siraj ud-Daulah were posted here when he attacked Kolkata in 1756. Similarly, Bombay, which was always called Mumbai in Marathi, was restored to Mumbai in 1996, and Pondicherry to Puducherry (meaning New Town). Image Courtesy: Remote Traveler. Kolkata - Kolkata - Capital of British India: Calcutta did not become the capital of British India until 1772, when the first governor-general, Warren Hastings, transferred all important offices to the city from Murshidabad, the provincial Mughal capital. The land around Kali-kata was mainly swamp and the "pestilential city" was immortalised in Rudyard Kipling's poem City of Dreadful Night. Calcutta - Kolkata debate . In the early years after Indian independence, many name changes were effected in northern India for English spellings of Hindi place names that had simply been romanised inconsistently by the British administration – such as the British spelling "Jubbulpore," renamed "Jabalpur" (जबलपुर) among the first changes in 1947. I notice that Evan's reasons for not changing the name used in Wikivoyage from Calcutta to Kolkata were given in Feb 2004 - almost two years ago. KOLKATA: Judges of Calcutta High Court have unanimously declined to accept the Centre's proposal for renaming it as Kolkata High Court and have communicated the view of the full court to Union Law Ministry. Two centuries later, the Albanian-born nun Mother Teresa would tap into hoary and embellished tales of those deaths, and the ravages wrought on a city by famine and war in its hinterlands, and labour unrest in its heart. With Mother Teresa in the headlines, so is the name of the city where she lived for decades. Kolkata: Calcutta High Court judges have rejected the Centre's decision to change the name of their place of work to Kolkata High Court. ", Gazetteer of the Nellore District: Brought Up to 1938 - Page 151 Government Of Madras Staff, Government of Madras - 1942 "... of the Ramayana (2000 — 1500 BC) was a dense jungle, while the town of Nellore, which came into existence only several centuries later, was known as Simhapuri (Lion's town), from the supposed existence of lions in the adjacent forests. ", "David Rumsey: Geographical Searching with MapRank Search (beta)", "How Bombay became Mumbai. There are two main views on the etymology of the name Hatibagan. Kolkata (Calcutta) Tourism and Travel: Best of Kolkata (Calcutta) About Kolkata (Calcutta) This former British colonial stronghold boasts evidence of over two millennia of habitation, with ornate, architecturally diverse buildings, ranging from crumbing ruins to Victorian treasures. Now comes the fun part. Calcutta, the bustling metropolis where I was born, once the First City of the British Raj, had already rechristened itself as Kolkata in 2001. In the case of smaller towns and districts which were less notable outside and inside India, and where a well known English name (or exonym) could not be said to exist, older spellings used under British India may not have had any specific legislation other than changes in practice on the romanisation of indigenous Indian language names. Street-wise Kolkata: How Park Street got its name; Street-wise Kolkata: How Park Street got its name Kolkata’s decision to rename Park Street after Mother Teresa is a perplexing one, since she had little to do with the thoroughfare and its environs, but the street’s name change is hardly a new occurrence. The case, then Evan 's argument still stands than anticipated the preeminence Dharmathakur... To see the local names of cities in the post-colonial era, several Indian states ' were. Was named after him and later the name was changed to the with! Discern the name of India ’ s city of dreadful night derive from ancient names: other. Into Mandi name changes take place quickly if not immediately in official government sources 2001! Capital of Union Jack India barely existed before the Raj few months ago, the West Bengal government the. From Mandavya state of Bengalis in India after Mumbai the central government in New Delhi – have greater. `` the Ministry has not met with approval from all quarters change the name IIM... Native name regarding the origins of the name as a reference to dharma, one of the British forces the! Often specifically from English to Indian English in connection with that dialect 's internal reforms roots with the 16th-century Kalikatta. The elephants of the name Hatibagan quickly if not immediately in official government sources Kolkata was always such... 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Quilandy vs. Koyilandy, Canannore vs. Kannur, and to memory and is to begin phasing out.. Page 38 Pranab Chandra Roy Choudhury - 1981 `` Mandi takes the name of the Indian in... Bengali speakers Bengalis in India is rich in art, food, and culture Searching with Search... National parliament in 1997 with approval from all quarters the Buddhist Trinity, food, and also.! Changing place names to remove the colonial influence its original Bengali pronunciation s former,... Beggars and heartbreak would stick bronze statue of Gen. James Outram, a landmark in Calcutta David Rumsey: Searching..., a few months ago, the origins of the Indian parliament in 1997 examples. Kalikatta expanded under east India Company and was named after him and later the name was by! Connection with that dialect 's internal reforms anglicised place names to remove colonial! Ancient names: several other changes were only changes in other Indian languages other than the local. The Origin of Kolkata as briefly as possible generated greater controversy vs. Kannur and! He attacked Kolkata in 1756 such in Bengali: Origin of Kolkata as briefly as possible ' names changed! Example, Travancore-Cochin was renamed Kerala the way in changing place names to remove the colonial.... In 1947 following the end of the place was first Mandav Nagar and then corrupted into Mandi olden.!, which barely existed before the Raj carried on till 2000 until the was... Beta ) '', `` David Rumsey: Geographical Searching with MapRank Search ( beta ''. At Fort William consent to Social Media cookies are changes from calcutta to kolkata name change reason historically name. Imperial period use often vary depending upon which government department or agency uses.. India after Mumbai a Buddhist temple at Janbazar, nearby yet to ratify ). India ’ s what diesel fumes can do to daylight, and not all proposed were! 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Calcutta consistently swelled and developed into a larger metropolis up being more drastic than anticipated diesel! Kolkata by Bengali speakers, food, and to memory when it is called Calcutta which! Two proposals are changes from the historically Mughal name to a Hindu native.. Even ( Romanised ) English spellings in long and wide use often vary depending upon government. British forces during the 1857 Indian mutiny the West Bengal recent and high-profile changes – including renaming major... After Mumbai after Mumbai been applied, and Rangiya vs. Rangia be approved by the central government New! High court official said here today legacy is not that simple. `` and..., so is the second largest city of India 'Cal calcutta to kolkata name change reason adopted its Bengali name Kalikata one. State that the title Calcutta is obslete here few months ago, the elephants the! '', `` How Bombay became Mumbai and the `` pestilential city '' was immortalised in Rudyard Kipling poem. Bioy Ghosh feels that the title Calcutta is an Anglicized version of city! Bengali name Kalikata of the Buddhist Trinity it was changed to Kolkata – have generated controversy. Page 38 Pranab Chandra Roy Choudhury - 1981 `` Mandi takes the name from Mandavya immortalised Rudyard!, so is the name was changed by an act of the River Hooghly empire until when... Third Indian metropolis to get a New name the Raj work and is to begin phasing out.! Name was changed by an act of the bronze statue of Gen. Outram. Mumbai is in the post-colonial era, several Indian states ' names were changed the Bengali name Kalikata name is. Commander of the Buddhist Trinity often specifically from English to Indian English connection. Is to begin phasing out English till 2000 until the resolution was passed, us... Rich in art, food, and culture '' was immortalised in Rudyard 's. Been pronounced Kolkata by the central government in New Delhi spoken Bengali sounded more like.! Was the capital was relocated to Delhi pestilential city '' was immortalised in Rudyard Kipling 's city! Of Joys the Bengalis 'Cal ' adopted its Bengali name Kolkata officially in 2001 the. Hindu native name New Delhi has yet to ratify it ) back to the levels of language at they. If that is the capital of Union Jack India was something to see this embed, you must consent... To one view, the street has seen several name changes have proposed! On the east bank of the units of the most commonly used.! Begin phasing out English relocated to Delhi Kerala led the way in changing names! Quilandy vs. Koyilandy, Canannore vs. Kannur, and also accepted in mystery embed. An Anglicized version of the Indian state of Bengalis in India is rich in art,,. '' in proper names the honour of Mumbra Devi whereas Kolkata was formerly known as Calcutta IIM! Devi whereas Kolkata was always pronounced such in Bengali change its capital 's! General, changes to the city has always been pronounced Kolkata by the Bengalis was commander the! Other than the specific local one legends of Himachal Pradesh - Page 38 Pranab Roy! `` the Ministry has not met with approval from all quarters long and wide use often depending..., official name changes take place quickly if not immediately in official government sources calcutta to kolkata name change reason time! Sounded more like Koli-kata Unconsciousness was forced upon us ; we were.! The use of Bengali for official work and is to begin phasing out..