It can be used in both planning new development activities and assessing the contribution to livelihood sustainability made by existing activities. The sustainable livelihoods approach succeeded in winning the attention of key policy-makers in donor institutions in the early 1990s, DFID in 1997 and the Natural Resources Department, away from the competing knowledge and theory which key individuals have … The institutions that operate within a given context will be critical to sustainable livelihood outcomes. The SL framework does not seek to provide an exact representation of reality, but rather a view of the livelihoods of less advantaged populations. while the framework maintains ‚sustainability™ as a focal concept in the evaluation of household livelihood outcomes, the mechanism underlying such development path is not explicitly provided. The purpose of the conceptual framework is to provide a common frame of reference for clarifying and communicating important concepts related to livelihoods and food security, and their relationship with each other, among donors and practitioners. Corresponds to the proposed methodology of the tool and the experience of LAP in Latin America and particularly Central America. Sustainable Livelihood Analysis (SLA) has since the 1990s become the dominant approach to the implementation of development interventions by a number of major international agencies. FAO goes further to state that sustainable development cannot be achieved without resilient livelihoods. Cross-sectoral impacts that are measured are derived from the links that are demonstrated from the holistic analysis. Farming systems research, focusing on the production activities of poor households, also provided a new perspective on the way to view the production and consumption decisions of households. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from the stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future without undermining the natural resource base (Chambers & Conway). In its simplest form, this framework visualizes households or communities in a context of vulnerability in which they have access to certain assets or factors; this allows them to reduce this vulnerability or, in other words, to strengthen their resilience (see diagram). A specific livelihoods framework and objectives have been developed to assist with implementation, The most applied model is the sustainable livelihood approach (SLA) which states that the optimal availability of physical, natural, social, human, and financial assets improves the sustainability of livelihoods (Sati and Vangchhia 2017; Serrat 2017). It is important to take into consideration that natural resource management interventions that have public benefits do not always have direct benefits for the poor. THE LIVELIHOOD SUPPORT PROGRAMME The FAO Livelihood Support Programme (LSP),2001–2007, supported in part by the UK Department for International Development (DFID), is helping to improve the impact of FAO interventions at the country level through the effective application of sustainable livelihood (SL) approaches. Building livelihood and community resilience Lessons from Somalia and Zimbabwe John Twigg and Margherita Calderone January 2019 Key messages • Resilience-building and livelihood approaches in fragile and volatile environments need adaptive management and flexible programming. Policies have considerable impact on people’s livelihoods. If the strategy is correct, then the livelihoods of the target group we wish to support should be improved. By having a greater level of security and legal certainty of individual or collective tenure and better access to land administration services, families can make more appropriate decisions about the fate of their assets, such as investing to make their capital more productive, helping to reduce local disputes or strengthening their involvement in local decision-making spaces. Such measures are critical for donors and governments that need to make resource allocation decisions across regions or countries. The sustainable livelihoods framework in 3.1.1 is an effort to conceptualise livelihoods in a holistic way, capturing the many complexities of livelihoods, and the constraints and opportunities that they are subjected to. Voluntary guidelines on the responsible governance of tenure of land, fisheries and forests, The LGAF: Land Governance Assessment Framework, Global Land Tool Network: Land Administration and Information, Consortium Research: Women’s Land tenure Security: A conceptual Framework, Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia, Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean, Regional Office for the Near East and North Africa. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future, while not undermining natural resource bases. During the 1990s until the present, there has been a shift from a material perspective focused on food production to a social perspective that focuses on the enhancement of peoples' capacities to secure their own livelihoods. Sustainable livelihood. Single-sector projects/programmes may be the most appropriate avenue to pursue based on a good problem and opportunity analysis. Since 2011, FAO supports countries in advancing sustainable peatland management through 1) Knowledge sharing and capacity development; 2) Policy guidance; and 3) Technical support at the national and field level, including monitoring, livelihood development; mapping and integrating activities into existing processes, frameworks and institutions. It was determined that many households did not have enough income or resources to exchange for food to meet their food needs. 5 In this paper, we are using the livelihoods approach as a conceptual tool to re-examine past strategies in fisheries management and development from a perspective different to the … There are a number of issues that have arisen in the application of SLA in the past several years. A sustainable livelihood approach attempts to take a holistic perspective in determining problems and opportunities for programme activities. FAO Policy Learning Programme. Criteria derived from participatory approaches are the changes that are meaningful to communities. Indeed, sustainable livelihood, as a core concept, is conceived in the framework as exogenous, albeit implicitly. This document presents a conceptual framework for integrating sustainable, market-driven livelihood strengthening into food security interventions. Vulnerability is determined by the risks that households and communities are exposed to and their ability to use assets to cope with these risks. Key words: sustainable livelihood framework, household livelihood expectations, institutional evolution, sustainable development ... (FAO), United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and national governments have actively used the SLF since the 1990s. These outcomes can be based on normative standards (e.g. An important part of most livelihood programming activities has been community capacity-building and institutional strengthening. Agricultural development has been important in recent years in reducing SLA uses a wide variety of participatory tools for diagnosis, programme design and monitoring and evaluation. Sustainable Livelihoods (SL) approaches have emerged through debate within a wide range of development agencies over the last decade, and have been incorporated into both DFID and FAO strategies and systems. These are: Livelihood. DFID adapts a version of Chambers Conway’s definition of livelihoods: “A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets and activities required for a means of living. The sustainable livelihoods framework (SLF/SLA) has been widely used in the assessment of livelihoods of communities around natural resource. Presented by Timothy R. Frankenberger, CARE. Exposure to approaches and methods of livelihood analysis . For instance, Ferrol-Schulte et al. national, regional, local) depending on where the greatest leverage can be achieved. The framework shows how, in different contexts, sustainable livelihoods are achieved through access to a This led to a shift from national food security to a concern with the food security and nutritional status of households and individuals. Sustainable Livelihoods Framework (SLF) as a conceptual approach for understanding household ... (FAO, 2010). A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets and activities required for a means of living (Chambers & Conway 1988). Contribution to FAO’s strategic Framework: • The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Strategic Objectives (SO)/Priorities: The project will contribute to the following Strategic Objectives (SO), Outcomes, and Products: SO2: Make agriculture, forestry and fisheries more productive and sustainable. The sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood op-portunities and shows how they relate to one another. It is also useful in assessing the effectiveness of existing efforts to reduce poverty. Afterwards, the basic elements of the Sustainable Livelihood Approach and the Household Economy Approach are presented as livelihood-based frameworks. These needs may be addressed by partner organizations and not directly by the project. However, policies developed at central level are often not responsive to the policy needs at local level and, therefore, not conducive to local livelihood strategies. 19 June 2019, Rome - FAO has … Livelihood outcomes. 4.2 The sustainable livelihoods approach. According to the Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO), “the livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from any adverse situations and sudden shocks, like disaster, and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future without undermining the natural resource base” (FAO, 2009; Serrat, 2017). Various livelihoods frameworks. The sustainable livelihoods (SL) framework provides a sound basis for indicator selection. We conclude this unit by drawing your attention to the sustainable livelihoods (SL) approach to development. The preparatory project started in June 2001, and the final Project Memorandum for the Strategic Programme should have been completed by December 2001. The first section provides a summarised background of recent The following report uses the Livelihoods Framework to structure the discussion of how to support sustainable pastoralism. 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