Description. click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Solanum thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ©Richard A. Howard. Potatoes have been cultivated in the Andes for at least 7000 years. Herb: Potato Latin name: Solanum tuberosum Family: Solanaceae (Nightshade Family, Potato Family) Medicinal use of Potato: Whilst mainly used as a staple food, potatoes do also have a number of medicinal virtues. OBJECTIVE DESCRIPTION OF VARIETY Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) INSTRUCTIONS The Objective Description Form: The objective description form lists characteristics to be used as the basis for developing the description of potato varieties. Sign up for our newsletter 2.1- Description + The Plant The potato is a starchy, tuberous crop from the perennial nightshade Solanum tuberosum L. Potato plants are herbaceous perennials that grow about 60 cm (24 in) high, depending on variety, with the leaves dying back after flowering, fruiting and tuber formation. Britain's best gardening annual, available now from RHS Mail Order and all good bookshops. The cultivated potato of world commerce, Solanum tuberosum L., is a primary food crop grown and con-sumed worldwide, forming a basic food and source of primary income for many societies. It occupies a wide eco-geographical range and is unique among the major world food crops in producing stolons (underground stems) that under suitable environmental conditions swell to form tubers. Potato is mainly used as a staple food but also has a number of medicinal values. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Richard A. Howard Photograph Collection . The group differs from other potato cultivar-groups by the absence of dormant tubers. Solanum tuberosum lectin consists of two identical 50 kDa subunits. The Potato (Solanum tuberosum L., 1753) is an herbaceous plant reaching 60 to 150 cm of height (variable depending on the variety), belonging to the family of theSolanaceae.. A juice made from the tubers, when taken in moderation, can be helpful in the treatment of peptic ulcers, bringing relief from pain and acidity. Molecular description and similarity relationships among native germplasm potatoes (Solanum tuberosum ssp. How to say Solanum tuberosum in English? There is a theory that this […] Solanum tuberosum (Potato) Status. Description Solanum tuberosum L. is a an economically important species of the Solanaceae. SELL SOLANUM TUBEROSUM / POTATOES DESCRIPTION The team of scientists in France claimed to have succeeded in uncovering the history of the spread of sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas), which until now developed into Asia and Africa. Description – Solanum tuberosum is an annual plant about 30-90 cm in size with ascending, pubescent stems, with underground stolons producing starchy edible tubers, commonly known as potatoes. It is designed to guide the applicant in describing a variety … Potato (Solanum tuberosum) is the most cultivated Solanaceae in the world.It originated in the highlands of South America. Potatoes are cultivated in 149 countries (Bradshaw et al., 2010). RHS Plant Finder 2020. Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) INSTRUCTIONS . Description The Andean domesticated potato (primarily Solanum tuberosum group andigenum, but also S. ajanhuiri, S. curtilobum, and S. juzepczukii) forms the root of the family tree of domesticated potato. Accompanying each fluorescent lectin is an analysis data sheet summarizing the results of our quality control tests and providing pertinent information on the product. Solanum tuberosum is a member of the Solanaceae family. The petioles and petiolules are angular in section and sometimes winged. It is a small plant with large leaves.The part of the potato that people eat is a tuber that grows under the ground.. A potato contains a lot of starch and other carbohydrates.Potato usually has a light-brown or yellowish skin and is white or yellow inside.If the potato gets light on it, the tuber turns green and will be poisonous. Stems range from nearly hairless to densely hairy and may be green, purple, or mottled green and purple. Solano-Solis, J., D. Morales-Ulloa, and L. Anabalón-Rodríguez. This information is published from the Museum's collection database. The subunits can dissociate in solution to produce a monomeric form of the lectin which does not agglutinate cells. It originated in the central Andes about 10,000 years ago. The leaves are pinnate with 5 – 9 ovate leaflets. Dig in well-rotted compost and/or manure during winter if possible. Green tubercles should not be ingested due to potential toxicity risk 9-10. The cooked tubercle (not green) of Solanum tuberosum is widely used for human consumption. In time we will be adding more details including a description, growing information, advice and photographs. Electronic … Get updates on research, testing, inspections and training. Description and Ethnobotany; Plant Care and Propagation; Foliar; Floral (Angiosperm) Fruit, Seed and Spore; ... Solanum tuberosum L. Solanum melongena 'Thai Round White' Solanum melongena 'Thai Long Green' Solanum melongena (ribbed fruit) Report Vulnerability; 1 INTRODUCTION. This means that the tuber immediately begins to … Solanum tuberosum Group Phureja is a cultivar-group of diploid potato plants originating from the Andean valleys in South America. : You are free: to share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work; to remix – to adapt the work; Under the following conditions: attribution – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. Descriptions of phenological stages have been developed in order to systematically compare plant growth and development. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported, 2.5 Generic, 2.0 Generic and 1.0 Generic license. tuberosum L.) using morphological data and AFLP markers 438 analysis of biodiversity and for phylogenetic studies (Ritter, Expressed in … There are a number of theories regarding the origin of these sweet potatoes. Description Actions Graphical view Length Chain i PRO_0000080139: 1 – 319: Fructokinase Add BLAST: 319: Proteomic databases. 2.6 General description Solanum tuberosum is a herbaceous plant that grows to 0.4­1.4 m (meters) tall and may range from erect to fully prostrate (Spooner and Knapp 2013). Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is the fourth most important crop in the world after wheat, maize and rice with ... the first step in description and classification of genetic Botanical name: Solanum tuberosum; ... Plant description: Potatoes can be grown in most soils, other than heavy clay. 2007. Description: Diagramme floral de la pomme de terre Solanum tuberosum. Molecular description and similarity relationships among native germplasm potatoes (Solanum tuberosum ssp. For headache, baldness and hematoma / bruise: The Objective Description Form: The objective description form lists characteristics to be used as the basis for developing the description of potato varieties. Description . Botanical description. Pronunciation of Solanum tuberosum with 2 audio pronunciations, 1 synonym, 1 meaning, 2 translations, 3 sentences and more for Solanum tuberosum. Légende : s = sépales p = pétales ét = étamines ov = ovaire supère Date: 28 May 2010: Source: Own work: Author: Spedona: Other versions: Derivative works of this file: Diagramme floral Solanum tuberosum-tag.svg It is designed to guide the applicant in describing a variety in detail so a meaningful comparison with Potato (Solanum tuberosum) protein concentrate IMPORTANT INFORMATION : This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982). A sprawling perennial herb to 50 cm, regenerating each year from underground tubers ... Solanum tuberosum is a crop of major importance in the temperate areas of the world and in the uplands of the Andes, where several other species are also used. Potato tubers are the subterranean swollen, starchy tubers of the potato plant (Solanum tuberosum L.) and are of utmost importance as staple food for hundreds of millions of people in the world. A potato is a root vegetable, the Solanum tuberosum. Over 81,000 plants and where to buy them. It was known from the wild by at least 1908, and its distribution is likely to be stable, but like many crop casuals, the species is under-recorded in some areas. PRIDE i: P37829: ProMEX i: P37829: Expression i Tissue specificity i. Solanum tuberosum is thought to have originated in the Andes of South America. This lectin binds oligomers of N-acetylglucosamine and some bacterial cell wall oligosaccharides containing N-acetylglucosamine and N-acetylmuramic acid. The plant has pinnate leaves, with 7-13 segments; flowers … tuberosum L.) using morphological data and AFLP markers. Updates and additions stemming from research and imaging activities are ongoing, with new content added each week. It was probably first domesticated in the Lake Titicaca region of Peru and Bolivia between 10,000 and 7,000 years ago. Description. Solanum lycopersicon: plants annual, with aromatic, glandular hairs, anthers dehiscing by longitudinal slits, and berry 2–10 cm in diameter (vs. S. tuberosum, with plants perennial, from tubers, without aromatic, glandular hairs, anthers dehiscing by terminal pores, and berry 2–4 cm in diameter). Over … Solanum tuberosum L. (Solanaceae) known as potatoes is a globally important crop plant producing high yields of nutritionally valuable food in the form of tubers [87].Ingestion of green potatoes or potato sprouts can cause various symptoms which can be severe in some cases. It is annual, sprawling plant with weak stems and can reach up to 1 m high. Do not plant in soil where other members of the Solanum family (such as tomatoes, brinjals and sweet peppers) have recently been grown. 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