The Caribbean is an overwhelmingly likely landing place for any ancient voyage passing through the Straits of Gibraltar and the Canary Islands on its way to the Americas. Mosiah translates Coriantumr's record. Even less is known about their history or their journey to America. The Mulekites crossed the ocean to the New World sometime after the Babylonians captured Jerusalem. Nephite or Mulekite, Whos Culture Dominated? This correlation represents a convergence of several lines of reasoning: The Mediterranean Port City, Sidon, in Context, Philip Beale, British Banker Turned Explorer, Phoenicia, Working Phoenician Ship Replica, Phoenicia Circumnavigation of Africa 2009-2010, Proposed Mulekite Landfall, Settlement in Context, Columbus, Heyerdahl, and Phoenicia Expeditions, 93 Human Powered Voyages that Followed Transatlantic Ocean Currents, La Venta Stela 3 Excavated by Matthew Stirling in 1943, Bearded Foreigner Depicted on La Venta Monument 13, Photo by Linda Schele, Greek (Blue) and Phoenician (Red) Colonies ca. Extract from Step by Step Through the Book of Mormon by Alan C. Miner, Copyright © 2021, Book of Mormon Archaeological Forum, The Jaredites & Mulekites were contemporaries for about 200 years until the Jaredite collapse. If La Venta stone carvings do not represent Mulekite/Olmec interaction, they show people with physical features similar to those we would expect in a Mulekite population visiting the Olmec capital at about the time the Mulekites arrived in the New World. To substantiate this, theorists claim they, particularly the Mulekites, were brought by the Phoenicians--who had operated successfully in the Mediterranean, establishing a number of colonies along the northern coast of Africa, the most famous being Carthage an 814 BC colony of Tyre, situated on a hilly promontory overlooking the Mediterranean, on the eastern side of the Lake of Tunis in what is … “. This of course required a route across the Atlantic Ocean, not the Pacific. The Jaredites (/ ˈ dʒ ær ə d aɪ t /) are one of four peoples (along with the Nephites, Lamanites, and Mulekites) that the Latter-day Saints believe settled in ancient America.. The settlers traveled along the Gulf Coast of Mexico and eventually settled in the areas of Campeche and Chiapas on the southeast side of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. Then, after a huge leap forward in time, two migrations took place that were almost contemporaneous. 0. Amaleki makes this perfectly clear that the Mulekites land in the area where Mosiah found them (Omni 1:16). 600 BC, the Phoenicians and the Greeks were in a major competition to settle the entire Mediterranean shoreline and establish trading colonies. Upstream areas tend to remain "wilderness" for generations. Prior to Alma’s arrival in Zarahemla, the Nephite people in Zarahemla wearied Mosiah with requests to send an expedition to find out what became of the people of Zeniff, for they had heard nothing from them. The Mulekites landed in the area where the Jaredites lived … There was little or no regular communication, . Well, Israel, of course, silly! The west sea land Bountiful bordered the west sea, extended northward from the narrow strip of wilderness, and was located south from and adjacent to Desolation. 22. This would make the journey from the land of Nephi to the land of the Mulekites a total of twenty days. Known historical examples of transatlantic ocean voyages made under circumstances similar to those the Mulekites would have encountered strongly suggest passage through the Canary Islands to the Caribbean. Groups got lost as they traveled or attempted to travel between the two lands, . As Itzhak Perlman is to Violonists, the Book of Mo... Phoenicians could have circumnavigated Africa ca. Alma, in describing the city Bountiful, wrote that Bountiful was “so far northward that it came into the land which had been peopled and been destroyed …, which was discovered by the people of Zarahemla the Mulekites, it being the place of their first landing.” (Alma 22:30.) The Mulekites did not land in the Land Northward and did not know the Jaredites except for Coriantumr whom they did not understand his language nor his writing. They were discovered by Mosiah (Omni 1:14) several centuries after their arrival. This map shows Greek colonies in blue and Phoenician colonies in red. The land southward was divided into the land north where Mulek landed and the land south where Lehi landed, Tabasco is in the northern portion of what many consider the land southward, which fits. People even got lost trying to find their way back home, . Their histories were parallel in many ways. Former Nephites introduced writing to the Lamanites, , which fueled an immediate economic boom. The SNHAAPMT model correlates the city of Zarahemla with the ancient pre-classic site of Nueva Esperanza/Calatraba in northern Chiapas. Answer: They had no relationship - zero communication for centuries. When Mosiah was commanded by the Lord to leave the land of Nephi he and his group traveled in the wilderness, being led by the Lord, until they found the land of Zarahema. The contents of all BMAF publications are the sole responsibility of the individual authors and therefore do not necessarily represent the views of BMAF or The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Combining different societies, just as the Nephites and Mulekites did, takes patience and humility. Movement by water is so much more energy efficient than overland cartage, that historic settlement patterns favor the area downstream from the head of navigation. The “Mulekites” (a term never used in the Book of Mormon) are barely mentioned in the Nephite record. 422-423, The Book of Helaman, Chapter II) Ancient iconography at La Venta strongly supports the idea of foreign visitors about the time the Mulekites would have landed. Communication was almost non-existent. 200 BC. Ca. and the land north was called Mulek, which was after the sons of Zedekiah; for the Lord did bring Mulek into the land north, . 425 BC) says they did. 586 BC and Mosiah I did not lead a group of Nephites from the city of Nephi to the lesser land of Zarahemla until ca. Omni 1:22 his first parents came out from the … Desolation was located on the southern part of the land northward and bordered the same Nephite west sea. When looking at the Missouri, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio regions, better known as the Havana Hopewell Region, as the settings for the Lands Northward and keeping that in mind while studying the Book of Mormon a new picture starts to form. Coriantumr was later discovered by the people of Zarahemla (Mulekites), with whom he lived for "nine moons" . Where do ocean-going migrants typically locate first generation cities? The proposed first landing near La Venta is in the Olmec heartland which can reasonably accommodate the Jaredite destruction narrative including a likely hill Ramah/Cumorah. The Book of Mormon text specifically says they established their city in a wilderness, . The people of Zarahemla are thus often referred to as Mulekites. The people of Zarahemla had come from the land of Jerusalem under the leadership of Mulek, the only surviving son of King Zedekiah. Coriantumr lived the last few months of his life among a strange people, . All the indigenous people in the Western Hemisphere came from Israel at one time or another. . When the Mulekites arrived in the Promised Land, the Jaredites constituted a high majority of the people. We are told very little about the Mulekites, whose journey may have … Tracks became impossible to follow after only a few days, . 600 BC. Share on Facebook. Now, after seeing the Nephites flee and be slain, Coriantumr became courageous in his heart and went out to march against the whole land, for he had the capital which was the stronghold of the land. To produce a map that shows where the Lamanites of the world are located today, the mapmaker must first decide exactly what a Lamanite is. The Mulekites, however, are clearly indicated in the Book of Mormon to have first landed on the east coast of the “Land Northward” part of its area (quite surely the Gulf Coast portion of the ancient high-culture area known as Mesoamerica). 484 BC - ca. . (book). 600 BC just as Greek historian Herodotus (ca. Monuments at La Venta dating to the Mulekite time period record the visit of foreign people whose beards and facial features would have been at home in ancient Jerusalem. Mulek is the last Nephite stronghold the Lamanites take before advancing on the land Bountiful (Alma 51:28). The Usumacinta in Tabasco and northern Chiapas is such a setting. Answer: Travel was very difficult and unpredictable. Moroni invited the Lamanite army to "meet them upon the plains between the two cities" (Alma 52:20). Finally, the Mulekites show us that the Book of Mormon was written by real people with real social challenges. The Nephites taught the Mulekites their language and united to become one people, appointing Mosiah to be their king. Known Phoenician settlement patterns in the Mediterranean during Mulekite times accommodate an initial landfall in Tabasco with a capital city on a large navigable river. Ether's plates (historical records), together with the decayed remains from the final Jaredite battle were later found by a group of lost Nephites who were searching for the city of Zarahemla ( Mosiah 8:8-11 ). Such behavior is simply atypical of first generation settlers arriving by sea. . Phoenicians could have sailed from the Old World to the Americas ca. Coriantumr must have died among the Mulekites after this, because Ether’s prophetic curse (Ether 13:21) specified that Coriantumr “should only live to see…another people receiving the land for their inheritance; and…receive a burial by them”. The northern group, called Mulekites in their land of Zarahemla, were separated from the Nephites by the mountain range in the wilderness strip which goes from sea to sea. , then coasting along the Gulf of Campeche. With the River Sidon identified, we can go on to identify the location of the City and Land of Zarahemla. First were the Jaredites, who left their homeland after the scattering at the Tower of Babel. .” (1830 Book Of Mormon, Pgs. Answer: The Mulekites did not establish Zarahemla among the Jaredites. Has An Artifact That Relates to the Book of Mormon Been Found? The Jaredite final battles had a massive casualty count. The social strife between these groups, often hinted at throughout the Book of Mormon, provides a warning for modern readers. The Mulekites “At this time,” explained John W. Welch, “the land of Zarahemla had become a very diverse place because of several major demographic changes.”2 First, there had been the merger of the Nephites and the Mulekites two generations earlier (Omni 1:12–19). People who had been on the trail recently and more or less knew the way still did a lot of wandering around, . The land southward was divided into the land north where Mulek landed and the land south where Lehi landed Helaman 6:10. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCliMKFrhnpYVk4RrMudzrxw. Portland on the Columbia, Buenos Aires on the Plata, Seville on the Guadalquivir - the list could go on and on. The proposed first Mulekite landing near La Venta in the Olmec heartland could reasonably have been proximate to the massive destruction mentioned in, Some Book of Mormon modelers over the years have tried to correlate La Venta with the city of Mulek based on the likely Mulekite/Olmec interaction in the Olmec capital recorded on stone monuments such as Stela 3 and the Nephite cultural pattern of naming cities after their founder. Answer: The most likely place for the Mulekites to have founded their city was in a coastal plain, on the navigable portion of a major river, upstream from the seasonal floods in the delta but not beyond the head of navigation at the fall line. Think London on the Thames, Alexandria on the Nile and Shanghai on the Yangtze. No one in the Mulekite community had enough experience with Jaredite culture to translate Coriantumr's stela. The Mulekites landed twice, once in the land northward near the place where the Jaredites were destroyed. 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